Microfinance Market Size, Share, and Trends

Microfinance Market (By Provider Type: Banks, Micro Finance Institute (MFI), NBFC (Non-Banking Financial Institutions), Others ; By Purpose: Agriculture, Manufacturing/Production, Trade & Services, Household, Others) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Regional Outlook, and Forecast 2023-2032

  • Last Updated : June 2023
  • Report Code : 3082
  • Category : ICT

Microfinance Market Size and Growth 2023 to 2032

The global microfinance market size accounted for USD 226.37 billion in 2022 and it is expected to hit around USD 646.25 billion by 2032, poised to grow at a CAGR of 11.06% over the forecast period from 2023 to 2032.

Microfinance Market Size 2023 To 2032

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Key Takeaways:

  • Asia-Pacific is predicted to dominates the global market between 2023 and 2032
  • By Provider Type, the banks segment generated more than 43% of revenue share in 2022.

The microfinance market provides financial services, such as small loans, savings accounts, and insurance, to low-income individuals or underserved populations who typically lack access to traditional banking services. It plays a crucial role in serving these customers and promoting financial inclusion. It aims to alleviate poverty and empower individuals by providing financial tools to start or expand businesses, smooth consumption, and manage financial risks.

Microfinance institutions (MFIs) are the key players in the microfinance market. These institutions can take various forms, such as non-profit organizations, cooperatives, banks, or specialized financial institutions. They serve as intermediaries, bridging the gap between the formal financial system and individuals excluded due to low income, limited collateral, or remote geographical locations. It also has the potential to lift people out of poverty by providing them with the means to generate income and improve their living standards. By offering small loans and financial services, microfinance helps individuals and communities overcome financial barriers and break the cycle of poverty.

Furthermore, microfinance enables individuals to start or expand small businesses, invest in income-generating activities, and improve their economic well-being. By providing access to capital, microfinance is crucial in fostering entrepreneurship, creating job opportunities, and stimulating economic growth.

However, limited access to capital, high costs and interest rates, and limited financial literacy are anticipated to impede market growth. Lack of financial literacy and awareness among clients can be a significant restraint. Borrowers may struggle to understand the terms and conditions of loans, manage their finances effectively, or make informed financial decisions. This can lead to overindebtedness and increased default rates.

The lockdown measures implemented by various governments in anticipation of the COVID-19 pandemic have disruptions of operations, which has led to a slowdown in economic activity, affecting demand for restrictions on movement and closure of businesses. On the other hand, the pandemic has also highlighted the importance of providing additional support to microfinance clients. MFIs focused on offering financial literacy training, business advisory services, and non-financial assistance to help borrowers navigate the challenges posed by the pandemic. This holistic approach aimed to enhance the resilience of microenterprises and promote sustainable recovery. For instance, the European Union has announced plans to invest heavily in finance infrastructure as part of its economic recovery plan, such as the InvestEU program, which could drive demand for the microfinance market.

Microfinance Market Scope

Report Coverage Details
Market Size in 2023 USD 251.41 Billion
Market Size by 2032 USD 646.25 Billion
Growth Rate from 2023 to 2032 CAGR of 11.06%
Largest Market Asia Pacific
Base Year 2022
Forecast Period 2023 to 2032
Segments Covered By Provider Type and By Purpose
Regions Covered North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa

Microfinance Market Dynamics

Key Market Drivers:

Increasing demand for financial inclusion to brighten the market prospect

Financial inclusion aims to provide individuals and communities, especially those underserved by traditional banking services, access to affordable and inclusive financial products. Microfinance institutions (MFIs) play a vital role in meeting this demand by offering small loans, savings accounts, insurance, and other financial services tailored to the specific needs of underserved populations. The demand for financial inclusion arises from recognizing that access to financial services is a fundamental right and an enabler of economic growth and poverty reduction. Many individuals and small businesses, particularly in developing countries, lack access to formal banking services due to low income, limited collateral, or remote locations. Microfinance addresses these barriers by providing flexible and accessible financial solutions that empower individuals to improve their livelihoods and create economic opportunities.

The microfinance market is driven by its transformative impact on individuals and communities. By receiving microloans, individuals can invest in income-generating activities, education, healthcare, and housing, leading to increased economic stability and improved living standards. Microfinance-supported small businesses can expand operations, create jobs, and stimulate local economies. Technological advancements have further accelerated the demand for microfinance. Mobile banking, digital payments, and innovative financial technologies have facilitated the delivery of microfinance services, making them more efficient, cost-effective, and scalable. These digital solutions have enabled MFIs to reach remote areas where traditional banking infrastructure is limited and provide financial services to previously excluded populations. Thus, the increasing demand for financial inclusion has driven the growth of the microfinance market.

Growing adoption of entrepreneurship and small business development 

Microfinance institutions provide access to credit, savings, and other financial services that enable aspiring entrepreneurs to start or expand existing businesses. By empowering individuals with financial resources, microfinance contributes to job creation, income generation, and overall economic development. It significantly impacts women's empowerment, allowing them to overcome traditional barriers and take control of their financial lives. Many programs specifically target women borrowers, recognizing their entrepreneurial potential and the multiplier effect of empowering women. By offering financial services, business training, and support, microfinance empowers women to start and manage their businesses, leading to greater gender equality and economic independence. For instance, in April 2023, FINCA Microfinance Bank Limited announced a collaboration with CIRCLE Women, a social enterprise dedicated to women’s economic empowerment and leadership development. The collaboration aims to empower women from low-income strata by promoting digital literacy and financial inclusion under CIRCLE Women’s Digital Literacy Programme (DLP).

As the adoption of entrepreneurship and small business development increases, the demand for microfinance is expected to grow. This enables individuals to generate sustainable incomes, build assets, and lift themselves out of poverty. Microfinance institutions often target marginalized and low-income populations, providing them with financial services to increase their living standards and break the cycle of poverty. Furthermore, governments and industries worldwide are investing heavily in developing entrepreneurship and small business development, which is anticipated to drive the growth of the microfinance market. 

Key Market Challenges:

The high cost of microfinance is causing hindrances to the market:

Serving marginalized and low-income populations involves inherent operational costs, including outreach, loan administration, and client education. These costs, combined with the perceived risks of lending to such clients, can result in higher interest rates. Balancing the need for affordability with sustainable interest rates is a constant challenge for microfinance institutions. High-interest rates and fees associated with microfinance loans make it difficult for low-income individuals and small businesses to afford and repay the borrowed funds. The high cost can limit the number of people who can access these services, defeating the purpose of financial inclusion. It creates a barrier for those who require credit but cannot afford the high borrowing costs.

However, with technological advancements, microfinance costs are expected to decrease over time. It can explore innovative practices and technologies to reduce operational costs and enhance efficiency. Governments can also play a vital role by providing helpful policies and regulatory frameworks encouraging competition, transparency, and responsible lending practices.

Key Market Opportunities:

  • Government initiatives to promote product diversification.
  • Development of advanced technologies in microfinance.
  • Growing awareness of the sustainable development goals.

Provider Type Insights:

On the basis of provider type, the microfinance market is divided into banks, microfinance institutes (MFI), NBFCs (Non-Banking Financial Institutions), and others, with the banks segment accounting for most of the market. Banks have the advantage of an established infrastructure, customer base, and regulatory framework, allowing them to offer microfinance services alongside their mainstream banking operations. They often have the resources and capacity to reach a wide range of clients and provide diverse financial products and services.

Microfinance Market Share, By Provider Type, 2022 (%)

However, in some regions, MFIs and NBFCs might play a more prominent role in the microfinance market, particularly in areas with limited banking infrastructure or where specialized institutions have been established to cater specifically to the needs of underserved populations

Purpose Insights:

On the basis of the purpose, the microfinance market is divided into agriculture, manufacturing/production, trade & services, household, and others, with financial access and inclusion accounting for most of the market. This is because the agriculture segment focuses on providing financial services and support to farmers, agricultural enterprises, and rural communities engaged in agricultural activities. Agriculture is a vital sector in many developing countries, and access to finance is crucial for smallholder farmers and agricultural businesses to invest in equipment, seeds, fertilizers, and other inputs necessary for production. Microfinance institutions targeting the agriculture segment offer tailored financial products, such as crop loans, livestock loans, agricultural equipment financing, and value chain financing, to support the entire agricultural ecosystem.

Regional Insights:

On the basis of geography, Asia-Pacific dominates the market. This growth can be attributed to the surge in government initiatives aimed at poverty reduction and improving the standard of living for the population, which has become a significant trend in the microfinance market. Furthermore, much of the population resides in rural areas with limited access to traditional banking services. As a result, microfinance plays a crucial role in providing financial services to this underserved population.

Europe is a significant market for microfinance, with Germany, the United Kingdom, and France being the major contributors to the market's growth. This is due to the rising importance of microfinance in promoting financial inclusion and supporting entrepreneurship, leading to the establishment of microfinance institutions and supportive regulatory frameworks. Various institutions, including microfinance banks, non-governmental organizations, cooperatives, and social enterprises, provide financial services to individuals and small businesses, focusing on social impact and sustainable development.

North America has numerous microfinance institutions, including community development financial institutions, credit unions, and non-profit organizations. These institutions provide microloans, business training, and other financial resources to small businesses and low-income individuals. The United States and Canada are the major countries driving the demand for microfinance in the North American region. The sector has grown steadily over the years, with the establishment of microfinance institutions and the participation of various stakeholders. Moreover, these countries invest heavily to empower underserved communities, reduce poverty, and support economic development. The focus extends beyond providing access to credit, including capacity-building programs, financial education, and mentorship.

Recent Developments

  • In April 2023, the World Bank approved a third round of Development Policy Financing (DPF) worth $450 million. This financing aims to advance financial and digital inclusion and builds upon the two previous funding rounds. The financing projects will support Morocco's government in implementing crucial reforms to enhance financial inclusion, promote digital entrepreneurship, and improve access to digital infrastructure and services for individuals and businesses.
  • In August 2020, Kenya's Equity Group Holdings acquired a 66.53% stake in Banque Commerciale du Congo (BCDC), a leading microfinance institution in the Democratic Republic of Congo. The move is expected to strengthen the presence of microfinance services in the region and promote financial inclusion.
  • In April 2022, the Reserve Bank of India (RBI) issued new guidelines for microfinance institutions operating in the country. The Reserve Bank of India (RBI) has established a uniform household loan limit of Rs 300,000 for loans to be classified as microfinance. In addition, to qualify for an NBFC-MFI license, entities must have a minimum of 75% of their assets dedicated to microfinance activities. Moreover, the cap on NBFCs (Non-Banking Financial Companies) has been raised to 25% of their assets, an increase from the previous limit of 10%.

Microfinance Market Companies

  • Annapurna Finance Pvt Ltd
  • Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI)
  • Bandhan Bank
  • CDC Small Business Finance
  • Grameen America
  • Cashpor Micro Credit
  • Grameen Bank
  • Kiva
  • Madura Microfinance Ltd.
  • Pacific Community Ventures Inc.

Segments Covered in the Report:

By Provider Type

  • Banks
  • Micro Finance Institute (MFI)
  • NBFC (Non-Banking Financial Institutions)
  • Others

By Purpose

  • Agriculture
  • Manufacturing/Production
  • Trade & Services
  • Household
  • Others

By Geography

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
  • Latin America
  • Middle East and Africa

Frequently Asked Questions

The global microfinance market size is expected to increase USD 646.25 billion by 2032 from USD 226.37 billion in 2022.

The global microfinance market will register growth rate of 11.06% between 2023 and 2032.

The major players operating in the microfinance market are Annapurna Finance Pvt Ltd, Bank Rakyat Indonesia (BRI), Bandhan Bank, CDC Small Business Finance, Grameen America, Cashpor Micro Credit, Grameen Bank, Kiva, Madura Microfinance Ltd., Pacific Community Ventures Inc., and Others.

The driving factors of the microfinance market are the increasing demand for financial inclusion to brighten the market prospect and growing adoption of entrepreneurship and small business development.

Asia Pacific region will lead the global microfinance market during the forecast period 2023 to 2032.

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