Biofilter Market (By Type: Biological Aerated Biofilter System, Denitrification Biofilter System, Activated Carbon Biofilters, Fixed Films, Fluidized Bed Filter; By Filter Media: Ceramic Rings, Bio Balls, Moving Bed Filter Media, Others; By Application: VOC Treatment, Nitrification, Denitrification, Odor Abatement, Others; By End-User) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Regional Outlook, and Forecast 2023-2032


The global biofilter market size was estimated at USD 3.09 billion in 2022 and is expected to hit around USD 7.64 billion by 2032, poised to grow at a CAGR of 9.48% during the forecast period from 2023 to 2032.

Biofilter Market Size 2023 To 2032

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A biofilter is an air or water purification system that uses microorganisms to break down pollutants and contaminants. The microorganisms in the biofilter are typically bacteria or fungi capable of metabolizing and removing organic compounds, such as volatile organic compounds (VOCs) or nitrogenous compounds, from the air or water. Biofilters are often used in industrial applications, such as wastewater treatment plants, to remove pollutants before the air or water is released into the environment. 

They are also used in indoor environments, such as homes or offices, to improve indoor air quality and reduce the concentration of harmful pollutants. Additionally, aquaculture biofilters remove excess nutrients and waste from the water in fish tanks or ponds.

Key Takeaways:

  • North America generated more than 42% revenue share in 2022. 
  • By Type, the biological aerated biofilter system captured the maximum market share in 2022. 
  • By Filter Media, the ceramic rings segment contributed to the largest market share in 2022.
  • By Application, the VOC Treatment segment generated the majority of the market share in 2022.
  • By End-user, the biopharma segment captured the maximum market share in 2022.

Biofilter Market Scope:

Report Coverage Details
Market Size in 2023 USD 3.38 Billion
Market Size by 2032 USD 7.64 Billion
Growth Rate from 2023 to 2032 CAGR of 9.48%
Largest Market North America
Base Year 2022
Forecast Period 2023 to 2032
Segments Covered By Type, By Filter Media, By Application, and By End-User 
Regions Covered North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and Middle East & Africa


Biofilter Market Dynamics:

Driver: Growing demand for clean water

The world's population is expected to reach 9.7 billion by 2050, increasing the demand for clean water for consumption, irrigation, and industrial use. With growing demand, effective and efficient water treatment technologies are becoming more critical. Biofilters are an attractive solution to address this growing demand for clean water. They use naturally occurring microorganisms to break down organic compounds, nitrogenous compounds, and other pollutants in water.

Biofilters are particularly effective in removing nutrients such as ammonia and nitrate, common contaminants in wastewater. These nutrients can cause environmental damage when they enter natural water bodies and harm human health if consumed. Biofilters are also a sustainable solution for water treatment, as they can be operated with low energy consumption and minimal chemical inputs.

They are also relatively easy to maintain and operate, which makes them an attractive solution for municipalities and industries looking for cost-effective and environmentally friendly water treatment technologies. The growing demand for clean water is driving the growth of the biofilter market, particularly in regions where water scarcity is a significant concern, such as in arid regions and areas experiencing droughts.

Additionally, the increasing use of biofilters in aquaculture and agriculture for water treatment is expected to contribute to the growth of the biofilter market as these industries seek to reduce their environmental impact and improve the quality of their products.

Restraint: High capital investment

The initial investment required to set up a biofilter system can be quite high, which can deter some potential buyers or limit adoption in smaller operations. Biofilters require specialized equipment such as fans, blowers, and air ducts to create airflow through the filter media. Additionally, biofilters require a significant amount of space to accommodate the filter bed, which can be expensive to construct and maintain.

The cost of media, such as compost, peat, or other organic material, can also be a significant expense. In addition to the initial capital investment, ongoing maintenance and operational costs are associated with biofilters. The filter media needs to be replaced regularly to maintain its effectiveness, which can add to the ongoing expenses of running a biofilter system.

Additionally, monitoring and maintaining the correct airflow rates and water content can be time-consuming and require specialized expertise. These costs can be a significant barrier to adoption, particularly for smaller operations that may not have the financial resources to invest in a biofilter system. For some applications, alternative technologies such as adsorption or catalytic oxidation may be more cost-effective, even though they may have higher operating costs. Thus, high capital investment is a significant restraint for the biofilter market.

While biofilters remain an effective option for many pollutants, installation, operation, and maintenance costs may limit their adoption in some industries or smaller functions. Addressing these cost barriers through innovative financing mechanisms or cost-sharing arrangements could help increase biofilter technology uptake.

Opportunity: Increasing demand for sustainable technologies in the food and beverage industry

As consumers become more environmentally conscious, there is a growing demand for sustainable and eco-friendly products. This trend is particularly strong in the food and beverage industry, where consumers are increasingly concerned about the environmental impact of their food choices. Biofilters can play a significant role in reducing the environmental impact of food and beverage production. One of the primary sources of air pollution in this industry is volatile organic compounds (VOCs) emitted during fermentation and other production processes.

Biofilters can effectively remove these pollutants by using microorganisms to break down the VOCs and convert them into harmless byproducts. The use of biofilters in the food and beverage industry presents several opportunities for the biofilter market. For instance, biofilters can reduce beer and wine production's environmental impact, which are primary VOC emissions sources. By using biofilters to treat the air emissions from these processes, breweries, and wineries can significantly reduce their environmental footprint.

Type Insights:

Based on type, the biofilter market is segmented into Biological Aerated Biofilter Systems, Denitrification Biofilter Systems, Activated Carbon Biofilters, Fixed Films, and Fluidized Bed Filters. In 2022, the biological aerated biofilter system accounted for the highest market share. BABS have a high treatment efficiency and can remove a wide range of pollutants, making them an attractive solution for pollution control. They are especially effective in treating pollutants like volatile organic compounds (VOCs), odorous gases, and delicate particulate matter.

Moreover, BABS are relatively low-cost and require minimal maintenance compared to other pollution control technologies like activated carbon filters or wet scrubbers. This makes them an attractive solution for small to medium-sized applications where cost-effectiveness is critical. BABS can be used in various applications, including wastewater treatment, air pollution control, and odour control. Their versatility and adaptability make them an attractive solution for multiple industries, including chemical, petrochemical, food processing, and pharmaceuticals.

Furthermore, the increasing awareness of environmental sustainability and the need to reduce carbon emissions has led to adopt green technologies like BABS. As more companies strive to become environmentally responsible, the demand for BABS is expected to increase. In addition, technological advances have led to the development of more efficient and cost-effective BABS, which has led to increased adoption of this technology.

Newer technologies like membrane biofilters, hybrid biofilters, and hybrid membrane biofilters have improved the efficiency and effectiveness of BABS, driving their demand in the market. Therefore, these factors are driving the growth of the BABS segment in the biofilter market and making it an attractive option for pollution control in various industries.

Filter Media Insights:

The biofilter market is segmented on filter media into Ceramic Rings, Bio Balls, Moving Bed Filter Media, and Others. In 2022, the ceramic rings segment accounted for the highest market share. The growth of this segment is due to increased demand for sustainable filtration solutions, a growing aquaculture industry, increasing wastewater treatment needs, and technological advancements.

As more and more people become aware of the importance of sustainability and environmental responsibility, there is a growing demand for effective, affordable, and eco-friendly biofiltration solutions. Ceramic rings are a natural, non-toxic filter media that can be reused many times, making them a popular choice for those seeking sustainable filtration options.

Moreover, the demand for wastewater treatment solutions is also increasing with global population growth and urbanization. Ceramic rings are an effective filter media for wastewater treatment systems, as they can remove organic matter, suspended solids, and other pollutants from wastewater. Therefore, the growing demand for sustainable filtration solutions increasing wastewater treatment needs.

Application Insights:

Based on the application, the biofilter market is segmented into VOC Treatment, Nitrification, Denitrification, Odor Abatement, and Others. In 2022, the VOC Treatment segment accounted for the highest market share. Volatile organic compounds (VOCs) are organic chemicals that can harm human health and the environment. They are released into the air from various sources, such as industrial processes, transportation, and consumer products.

Biofilters treat VOCs by providing a medium for the growth of microorganisms that can break down the VOCs into less harmful substances—increasing environmental regulations and the growing demand for clean air drive segment growth. Biofilters offer an effective and sustainable solution for VOC treatment, making them a promising technology for various industries. The market for biofilters for VOC treatment is expected to experience steady growth in the coming years, driven by the need for effective and sustainable air pollution control solutions.

End-User Insights:

Based on the end user, the market is segmented into Storm Water Management, Water & Wastewater Collection, Chemical Processing, Food & Beverage, Aquaculture, Biopharma Industry and Others. In 2022, the biopharma industry dominated the market, accounting for the highest market share. The biopharmaceutical industry uses biofilters to treat air emissions from their manufacturing processes, often involving solvents and other volatile organic compounds (VOCs).

The industry is under increasing pressure to reduce its environmental impact and comply with regulatory requirements, particularly in relation to air emissions. Biofilters offer a cost-effective and sustainable solution for treating these emissions, which makes them an attractive option for the biopharma industry. In addition to the environmental benefits, the use of biofilters in the biopharma industry can also lead to cost savings. Biofilters have low capital and operating costs compared to other air pollution control technologies, and they do not generate hazardous waste or require significant energy consumption.

These cost savings can be substantial for the biopharma industry, which operates in a highly competitive and cost-sensitive market. Therefore, the combination of regulatory compliance, environmental concerns, and cost-effectiveness is driving the growth of biofilters in the biopharma industry. As the industry continues to grow and innovate, the demand for effective and sustainable air pollution control solutions such as biofilters is expected to increase.

Regional Insights:

In 2022, North America dominated the biofilter market, accounting for the highest market share of 42%. The increasing demand for sustainable air and water treatment solutions drives the region's growth. The United States and Canada are the major markets in the area, with the United States accounting for the largest share. The increase in the biofilter market in North America is primarily driven by the increasing adoption of advanced technologies and stringent environmental regulations promoting biofilters in various industries. Moreover, the region's well-established food and beverage industry drives the demand for sustainable water treatment solutions such as biofilters. The increasing demand for biopharmaceutical products is also expected to drive the growth of the biofilter market in the region.

Biofilter Market Share, By Region, 2022 (%)

Furthermore, the region has a well-established aquaculture industry, which is driving the demand for biofilters in the region. The increasing adoption of aquaponics and hydroponics systems is further propelling the growth of the biofilter market in North America.

COVID-19 Impact:

The COVID-19 pandemic has had a mixed impact on the biofilter market. Disruption of supply chains due to the pandemic has led to a supply shortage in some regions. In contrast, a slowdown in industrial activity has led to declining demand for biofilters in some industries. However, there has been an increased demand for sustainable solutions, including biofilters, in various industries due to heightened awareness of the importance of sustainability and increased government regulations promoting their use. 

Key Developments:

  • In March 2020, Evoqua Water Technologies launched a new line of biofilters for industrial odor and air emissions control.
  • In February 2021, Pentair announced the launch of its new biofiltration system for aquaculture applications.
  • In November 2020, Veolia Water Technologies launched a new range of biofilters for industrial water treatment applications.
  • In January 2021, Xylem announced the launch of a new range of biofilters for use in aquaculture applications. 

Biofilter Market Companies:

Market players attempt to increase their market share through investments, partnerships, acquisitions, and mergers. Businesses are also investing in the development of new products. Furthermore, they are concentrating on maintaining competitive pricing. Some of the prominent market players include:

  • Evoqua Water Technologies LLC
  • Pentair plc
  • Veolia Water Technologies
  • Xylem Inc.
  • Suez SA
  • Dürr AG
  • BioAir Solutions, LLC
  • Tecniplast SpA
  • Aquatech International LLC
  • Purafil, Inc.

Segment Covered in the Report:

By Type

  • Biological Aerated Biofilter System
  • Denitrification Biofilter System
  • Activated Carbon Biofilters
  • Fixed Films
  • Fluidized Bed Filter

By Filter Media

  • Ceramic Rings
  • Bio Balls
  • Moving Bed Filter Media
  • Others

By Application

  • VOC Treatment
  • Nitrification
  • Denitrification
  • Odor Abatement
  • Others

By End-User

  • Storm Water Management
  • Water & Wastewater Collection
  • Chemical Processing
  • Food & Beverage
  • Aquaculture
  • Biopharma Industry
  • Others

By Geography

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
  • Latin America
  • The Middle East and Africa

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the biofilter market size?
The global biofilter market is expected to increase from an estimated USD 3.09 billion in 2022 to USD 7.64 billion by 2032.
What will be the CAGR of global biofilter market?
The global biofilter market will register 9.48% growth rate from years 2023 to 2032.
Who are the prominent players operating in the biofilter market?
The major players operating in the biofilter market are Evoqua Water Technologies LLC, Pentair plc, Veolia Water Technologies, Xylem Inc., Suez SA, Dürr AG, BioAir Solutions, LLC, Tecniplast SpA, Aquatech International LLC, Purafil, Inc. and Others.
Which are the driving factors of the biofilter market?
The driving factors of the biofilter market are the growing demand for clean water, growing demand, effective and efficient water treatment technologies, and increasing demand from industrial and manufacturing sectors.
Which region will lead the global biofilter market?
North America region will lead the global biofilter market during the forecast period 2023 to 2032.
What is biofilter?
A biofilter is an air or water purification system that uses microorganisms to break down pollutants and contaminants.

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