The global hydrogen aircraft market size was valued at USD 190 million in 2022 and is expected to hit over USD 2,148.53 million by 2032 with a registered CAGR of 27.5% from 2023 to 2032.
The shifting focus of the aviation industry towards de-carbonization, the benefits of hydrogen aircraft over traditional one and growing number of air passengers are the most prominent factors that are expected to augment the growth of the global hydrogen aircraft market. The global aviation industry contributes around 2.5% of the total carbon emission across the globe. The rising government initiative to reduce carbon footprint and promote the adoption of sustainable and eco-friendly commute solutions is significantly fostering the growth of the hydrogen aircraft market. Various country members of the European Union such as France, UK, and Germany are formulating their own National Hydrogen Strategy to reduce the carbon footprint from the aviation industry.
The rising concerns over climate change and global warming has forced the governments across the globe to opt for strategies that promotes de-carbonization. The governments of various countries who are a part of the Paris agreement are under huge pressure to achieve their climate change targets set up the United Nations to fight the climate change concerns. Therefore, the collective efforts of the different countries to promote the adoption of the sustainable aviation solutions are projected to drive the growth of the global hydrogen aircraft market.
Report Scope of the Hydrogen Aircraft Market
|Market Size in 2023||USD 241.3 Billion|
|Market Size by 2032||USD 2,148.53 Billion|
|Growth Rate from 2023 to 2032||
CAGR of 27.5%
|Largest Market||North America|
|Fastest Growing Market||Asia Pacific|
|Forecast Period||2023 to 2032|
|Segments Covered||Passenger Capacity, Range, Technology, Application, Distance Range, Platform, Geography|
|Companies Mentioned||Aerodelft, Aerovironment Inc., Airbus Se, Apus Group, Doosan Mobility Innovation, Flyka, Gkn Aerospace, Hes Energy Systems, Honeywell International Inc., Hypoint Inc., Intelligent Energy Holdings, Pipistrel D.O.O, Plug Power Inc.|
Driver: Government initiatives for hydrogen production
The government of United Kingdom launched a second phase of hydrogen production program in December 2022 along with a support for research and development activities. Moreover, the United States Department of Energy in March 2023, announced $750 million research and development program for advanced hydrogen technologies while supporting the clean energy initiative.
Government initiatives aimed at promoting hydrogen production have a significant impact on driving the growth of hydrogen aircraft market. These initiatives create a conducive environment for the research and development of hydrogen aircraft. Financial incentives, grants or subsidies by the government also encourage the development of aircraft. Additionally, the establishment of hydrogen fueling infrastructure incentivizes airlines to consider transitioning to hydrogen powered aircraft. Furthermore, government-led regulations and targets aimed at reducing greenhouse gas emissions from aviation provide a strong impetus for the adoption of hydrogen technology. Government initiatives have potential to accelerate the advancements in this sustainable transportation solution and thus, such initiatives are observed to act as a driver for the market’s growth.
Restraint: Technical challenges
Technical challenges are considered to hinder the overall growth of hydrogen aircraft market. Transitioning from the traditional aviation fuels to hydrogen-powered aviation mode involves intricate complexities. Firstly, designing efficient hydrogen fuel cells and propulsion systems demands skilled engineering to achieve comparable performance to conventional aircraft engines. Moreover, lack of established infrastructure for producing, transporting and refueling hydrogen at airports, which needs substantial investments. All these challenges create a major restraint for the market.
Opportunity: Major airlines transforming into hydrogen-powered solutions
In the fourth quarter of 2022, United Airlines and British Airways stated that they are aiming to use hydrogen powered planes by 2030, especially for short haul flights. Moreover, Delta Airlines has also partnered with Airbus to develop a hydrogen-powered passenger plane. Such transformation of major airlines into hydrogen-powered entities serves as a potent opportunity for the hydrogen aircraft market. This trend fosters a positive feedback loop within the market. Increasing demand for hydrogen-powered aircraft encourages manufacturers to invest in research and development, resulting in improved aircraft efficiency, longer flight ranges and enhanced safety features. These advancements, in turn, attract more airlines to adopt hydrogen-powered aircraft accelerating the overall market’s expansion.
Challenge: High cost of production
The high cost of production required for hydrogen aircraft presents a significant challenge for the market. Hydrogen technology, while a promising potential to reduce carbon emissions in aviation, currently faces obstacles that hinder widespread adoption. The production of hydrogen is energy-intensive, requiring methods that involve substantial investment as well as energy consumption. This results in elevated production costs compared to conventional fossil fuels. Moreover, the development and establishment of a hydrogen infrastructure, including production, storage and distribution facilities demands substantial investment.
Passenger Capacity Insights
Based on the passenger capacity, the hydrogen aircraft market is segregated into less than 100, 101 to 200, and Above 200. In 2022, less than 100 segment dominated the global hydrogen aircraft market. This growth is primarily due to the growing investments and ongoing development works on the development of safer, efficient, and sustainable hydrogen aircrafts that can carry less number of passengers for the time being. The rising investments on the technological advancements of this less capacity aircraft makes this segment the fastest-growing segment.
Based on the range, the short haul segment was the leading segment in 2022 followed by the medium haul segment. This is owing to the rising demand for the drones across the globe. Moreover, the ongoing technological advancements regarding the development of short range aircrafts has resulted in the dominance of this segment across the globe. The increasing demand for the domestic travel across the globe and rising number of air passengers is significantly boosting the growth of the short haul hydrogen aircraft market.
Medium haul segment is expected to exhibit the highest CAGR during the forecast period. The rising investments in the research and development of extending the distance range of the hydrogen aircrafts is expected to fuel the growth of this segment. Furthermore, the rising number of international and domestic travels across the globe, owing to the globalization of business and rapidly growing tourism industry is expected to foster the growth of this segment during the forecast period. Medium haul will enable the aircraft operators to earn extra profits.
Based on the technology, the hybrid electric aircraft was the dominant segment in 2022. This dominance is attributed to ability of the hybrid aircraft to run using both the hydrogen and electric power. The shortage of one fuel may be fulfilled by using the alternative fuel. The electric power infrastructure is developed as compared to the hydrogen power infrastructure. Moreover, the increasing adoption of the hybrid electric aircraft owing to the rising concerns over the carbon emissions is expected to fuel its demand during the forecast period.
The fully hydrogen aircraft is anticipated to be the fastest-growing segment during the forecast period. The rising investments in the development of strong hydrogen power infrastructure across the developed and developing countries is expected to fuel the demand for the fully hydrogen powered aircrafts. The hydrogen power is more eco-friendlier than the electric power and the rising focus towards achieving 100% sustainable transport solutions is attracting more investments towards the development of the hydrogen infrastructure across the globe. Thus the demand for the fully hydrogen-powered aircraft segment is expected to grow at the highest CAGR during the forecast period.
North America was the leading hydrogen air craft market in 2022. The increased demand for the technologically advanced and pure sustainable and eco-friendly transport solutions has propelled the growth of the hydrogen air craft market. Furthermore, the increasing government initiatives to reduce carbon footprint and promote the sustainable transportation across the region is expected to further boost the growth of the market. The growing corporate and government investments towards building electric and hydrogen powered infrastructure to control the carbon emissions to protect environment is fueling the demand for hydrogen aircraft. The strict government regulations pertaining to environment protection is another major factor which is expected to fuel the demand for hydrogen aircraft across the North America. The presence of top multinational companies and the increase in globalization of businesses is boosting the number of domestic and international travels in North American market. The growing need for sustainable and cost effective commute solutions has significantly boosted the growth of the hydrogen aircraft market in North America.
Asia Pacific is anticipated to be the fastest growing market during the forecast period. The rising disposable income, growing demand for fast travelling solutions, rising number of passengers, and presence of huge multinational companies in the region are supporting the growth of the hydrogen aircraft market. The travelling frequency is high among the travelers due to the presence of multinational companies in Asia Pacific region. The government policies have attracted huge investments in the form of FDIs which resulted in the increased number of international travels. Furthermore, the rising government initiatives especially in countries like India and China which are the major attraction for investments for the western countries is favoring the growth of the hydrogen aircraft market. The availability of factors of production at low costs and growing investments in the development of hydrogen powered infrastructure is expected to provide various opportunities due to the manufacturers in the production of hydrogen aircrafts at low costs. Moreover, the huge demand for domestic travels in the Asia Pacific region is further boosting the growth of the market.
Key Market Developments
Some of the prominent players in the global hydrogen aircraft market include:
Segments Covered in the Report
By Passenger Capacity
By Distance Range
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