Vaccines Market (By Type: Recombinant/conjugate/Subunit, Inactivated, Live Attenuated, Viral Vector, mRNA, Toxoid, Others; By Route of Administration: Parenteral, Oral; By Disease Indication: Viral Diseases, Bacterial Diseases; By Age Group: Pediatric, Adults; By Distribution Channel: Hospital & Retail Pharmacies, Government Suppliers, Others) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Regional Outlook, and Forecast 2024-2033

Vaccines Market Size and Growth 2024 to 2033

The global vaccines market size was valued at USD 81.06 billion in 2023 and is anticipated to reach around USD 152.45 billion by 2033, growing at a CAGR of 6.52% from 2024 to 2033.

Vaccines Market Size 2024 to 2033

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Vaccines Market Key Takeaways

  • The North America vaccines market size accounted for USD 34.86 billion in 2023 and is expected to attain around USD 66.32 billion by 2033, poised to grow at a CAGR of 6.64% between 2024 and 2024.
  • North America led the market with the largest revenue share of 43% in 2023.
  • Asia Pacific is projected to expand at the fastest rate during the forecast period of 2024-2033.
  • By type, the recombinant/conjugate/subunit segment dominated the market in 2023.
  • By route of administration, the parenteral segment dominated the market in 2023.
  • By disease indication, the viral disease segment has held the major revenue share of 64% in 2023.
  • By age group, the pediatric segment dominated the vaccines market in 2023.
  • By age group, the adults segment is estimated to grow at the fastest rate during the forecast period.
  • By distribution channel, the hospital and retail pharmacies segment held the dominating share of the vaccines market.

Vaccines Market Size in the U.S. 2024 to 2033

The U.S. vaccines market size was estimated at USD 27.88 billion in 2023 and is predicted to be worth around USD 53.38 billion by 2033 with a CAGR of 6.71% from 2024 to 2033.

U.S. Vaccines Market Size 2024 to 2033

North America led the market with the biggest market in 2023. North America continues to dominate the global vaccine market due to high healthcare expenditure, robust infrastructure, and extensive vaccination programs. Moreover, increasing investments in research and development, along with a favorable regulatory environment, contribute to the region's leadership in vaccine development and distribution. In the U.S., With the goal of assisting in lowering the burden of preventable infectious disease, the Office of Infectious Disease and HIV/AIDS Policy (OIDP) is in charge of the National Vaccine Program. It offers strategic leadership and coordination of vaccine and immunization activities among federal agencies and other stakeholders. The National Vaccine Plan and the National Vaccine Advisory Committee are included in this portfolio.

Vaccines Market Share, By Region, 2023 (%)

Asia-Pacific is expected to witness growth at a significant rate in the vaccines market during the forecast period of 2024-2033. Factors such as a large population base, rising awareness about preventive healthcare, and improving healthcare infrastructure are driving the growth of the market in this region. Additionally, initiatives by governments and international organizations to expand immunization programs further fuel market expansion in the Asia Pacific. As a result, the region is witnessing rapid advancements in vaccine manufacturing, distribution, and adoption, positioning it as a key player in the global vaccines market.

  • In October 2023, Mylab and Serum Institute of India (SII) introduced Nasovac S4, India's inaugural needle-free nasal influenza vaccine. This live quadrivalent vaccine, in alignment with WHO guidelines, contains four influenza virus strains. Nasovac S4 will be distributed through healthcare providers and clinics nationwide.

Vaccines Market Size in Asia Pacific 2023 to 2033

The Asia Pacific vaccines market size was calculated at USD 18.64 billion in 2023 and is projected to expand around USD 35.83 billion by 2033, poised to grow at a CAGR of 6.75% from 2024 to 2033.

Year Market Size (USD Billion)
2023 18.64
2024 19.86
2025 21.15
2026 22.53
2027 24.00
2028 25.57
2029 27.23
2030 29.01
2031 30.90
2032 32.92
2033 35.83


Vaccines Market Overview

The vaccines market has experienced significant growth and evolution over the years, with increasing emphasis on preventive healthcare and advancements in biotechnology. This market encompasses a wide range of vaccines, including those for infectious diseases, chronic conditions, and emerging threats. From childhood immunizations to adult booster shots, vaccines play a crucial role in disease prevention and public health initiatives worldwide.

In recent years, the application of vaccines has expanded beyond traditional infectious disease prevention to include areas such as cancer immunotherapy and therapeutic vaccines for chronic conditions like HIV and Alzheimer’s disease. This broader application reflects ongoing research and innovation in vaccine development, as well as a growing recognition of the immune system’s potential in combating various diseases.

Additionally, the advent of mRNA technology has revolutionized vaccine development, enabling rapid responses to emerging threats like the COVID-19 pandemic. The vaccines market is characterized by a diverse landscape of players, including pharmaceutical companies, biotech firms, academic institutions, and government agencies. Competition within the market is fierce, driven by the need for efficacy, safety, and accessibility. Moreover, factors such as regulatory requirements, public health policies, and global health crises continue to shape the dynamics of the vaccines market, driving investment in research and development and fostering collaborations across sectors to address unmet medical needs and ensure equitable access to life-saving vaccines.

Vaccines Market Growth Factors

  • As the global population grows and urbanizes, the prevalence of infectious diseases and chronic conditions rises, driving demand for vaccines as a preventive measure.
  • Innovations such as mRNA technology, recombinant DNA techniques, and adjuvant development have enhanced vaccine efficacy, safety, and production efficiency, fostering vaccines market growth.
  • Government initiatives, international organizations, and public health campaigns promote vaccination coverage, particularly in developing regions, fueling market expansion and addressing unmet medical needs.
  • Outbreaks of novel pathogens stimulate investments in vaccine research and development, accelerating market growth to address evolving public health challenges.

Vaccines Market Scope

Report Coverage Details
Growth Rate from 2024 to 2033 CAGR of 6.52%
Vaccines Market Size in 2023 USD 81.06 Billion
Vaccines Market Size in 2024 USD 86.35 Billion
Vaccines Market Size by 2033 USD 152.45 Billion
Largest Market North America
Base Year 2023
Forecast Period 2024 to 2033
Segments Covered Type, Route of Administration, Disease Indication, Age Group, Distribution Channel, and Regions
Regions Covered North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa


Vaccines Market Dynamics


Vaccine advancements

Breakthroughs in vaccine technologies have revolutionized the vaccines market, leading to the development of novel platforms such as mRNA vaccines. This includes the groundbreaking success of mRNA-based vaccines, which have demonstrated remarkable efficacy and safety profiles. The versatility of mRNA technology allows for rapid vaccine development and production scalability, enabling a swift response to emerging infectious threats. Additionally, advancements in adjuvant technology and vaccine delivery systems have enhanced immunogenicity and efficacy, expanding the potential applications of vaccines beyond infectious diseases to include therapeutic and prophylactic treatments for chronic conditions and cancer immunotherapy.

  • In December 2023, a biotechnology firm launched EasyFourPol, a fully-liquid wP-IPV-based pentavalent vaccine in India, safeguarding against diphtheria, tetanus, pertussis, polio, and Haemophilus influenza type B infections. Additionally, its subsidiary, Panacea Biotec Germany GmbH, registered Valganciclovir 50 mg/mL powder for oral solution in Germany, an inhibitor of cytomegalovirus DNA polymerase.

Global health security initiatives

The pandemic has underscored the critical importance of global health security and pandemic preparedness, prompting increased investments in vaccine research, development, and manufacturing capacities. International collaborations, public-private partnerships, and government-led initiatives have accelerated vaccine development timelines and facilitated equitable access to vaccines worldwide. Furthermore, heightened awareness of the interconnectedness of global health systems has spurred efforts to strengthen vaccine supply chains, enhance surveillance capabilities, and improve vaccine distribution networks, fostering resilience against future pandemics and driving sustained growth in the vaccines market.


Regulatory hurdles and compliance challenges

The vaccines market faces significant regulatory hurdles and compliance challenges, which act as enduring restraints on its growth and development. Stringent regulatory processes, including clinical trial requirements and approval procedures, often prolong the time and increase the cost associated with bringing new vaccines to market. Additionally, complex manufacturing processes and quality control standards necessitate adherence to strict regulatory guidelines, further impeding market entry and expansion. Furthermore, vaccine hesitancy and misinformation contribute to public skepticism and compliance issues, affecting vaccination rates and market uptake. Addressing these regulatory hurdles and compliance challenges requires collaboration between industry stakeholders, regulatory bodies, and public health authorities to streamline processes, enhance transparency, and foster public trust in vaccination programs.


mRNA vaccine development

The emergence of mRNA vaccine technology presents a transformative opportunity in the vaccines market. Recent advancements in mRNA vaccine development, notably demonstrated by the success of COVID-19 vaccines, have opened new avenues for addressing infectious diseases, cancer immunotherapy, and other therapeutic applications. mRNA vaccines offer advantages such as rapid development timelines, scalability, and potential for tailored immune responses. This opportunity encourages investment in research and development, partnerships, and infrastructure to harness the full potential of mRNA technology in vaccine production and delivery. By capitalizing on this innovative approach, vaccine companies can diversify their portfolios, address unmet medical needs, and contribute to global health security.

Vaccine equity and access initiatives

There is a growing emphasis on vaccine equity and access initiatives, driven by the need to address disparities in vaccination coverage and ensure fair distribution of life-saving vaccines. Recent global health crises have underscored the importance of equitable access to vaccines for all populations. Opportunities abound for vaccine manufacturers, governments, and international organizations to collaborate on initiatives aimed at improving vaccine access, particularly in underserved communities and low-income countries.

By investing in infrastructure, supply chain logistics, and affordability measures, stakeholders can enhance vaccine distribution networks, strengthen healthcare systems, and promote health equity worldwide. This opportunity aligns with sustainable development goals and fosters collaboration across sectors to address health disparities and promote universal healthcare access.

Type Insights

The recombinant/conjugate/subunit segment dominated the vaccines market with the largest share in 2023. Conjugate vaccines are highly effective against bacterial infections, particularly in infants and young children, by coupling a weak antigen with a strong one to enhance immune response. Recombinant vaccines utilize genetic engineering techniques to produce antigens, which are safer and easier to manufacture compared to traditional methods. Moreover, recombinant vaccines offer advantages such as scalability, reduced risk of contamination, and potential for rapid development against emerging pathogens. These qualities make them favored choices in addressing evolving public health challenges globally.

Route of Administration Insights

The parenteral segment dominated the vaccines market in 2023. Parenterally given medications have a quicker beginning of effect than those taken orally because they are absorbed more quickly. Unlike oral drugs, they are digested differently and have a larger effect since they do not go through the digestive processes that oral medications do in the gastrointestinal tract. In cases when patients are nauseous or unable to swallow, the parenteral route may also be recommended.

The oral segment also has a significant share of the vaccines market in 2023.  Oral vaccines offer several advantages, including ease of administration, non-invasiveness, and enhanced patient compliance, especially in pediatric and resource-limited settings. These vaccines are administered orally, typically in the form of drops, capsules, or tablets, and are designed to stimulate mucosal immunity in the gastrointestinal tract. Oral vaccines are particularly effective against pathogens that infect mucosal surfaces, such as poliovirus and rotavirus, and they can elicit both systemic and mucosal immune responses, providing broader protection against infections. The convenience and efficacy of oral administration make these vaccines valuable tools in public health efforts to control infectious diseases.

Disease Indication Insights

The virus disease segment dominated the vaccines market with the largest share in 2023. Influenza vaccines remained vital in mitigating the annual burden of seasonal flu. With the co-circulation of influenza viruses alongside the SARS-CoV-2 virus, vaccination against influenza became even more critical to alleviate strain on healthcare systems and reduce the risk of concurrent COVID-19 and flu infections. Both COVID-19 and influenza vaccines played pivotal roles in public health strategies, highlighting the ongoing importance of vaccine development, distribution, and uptake in combating infectious diseases and safeguarding global health. In 2023, two disease segments that saw significant utilization were COVID-19 and influenza vaccines.

Vaccines Market Share, By Disease Indication, 2023 (%)

The COVID-19 pandemic prompted an unprecedented global effort to develop and deploy vaccines to mitigate its impact. COVID-19 vaccines became crucial tools in controlling the spread of the virus, preventing severe illness, and ultimately saving lives. Governments worldwide implemented mass vaccination campaigns to achieve widespread immunity and suppress transmission.

Age Group Insights

The pediatric segment dominated the vaccines market with the largest share in 2023. In the pediatric vaccine segment, advancements in immunization technology and increased awareness about the importance of childhood vaccinations have led to a surge in demand. Governments and healthcare organizations are focusing on expanding immunization programs to protect children against a wider range of diseases, driving growth in this market.

The adults segment is expected to show the fastest growth in the vaccines market during the forecast period. Similarly, in the adult vaccine segment, there’s been a growing recognition of the importance of vaccinations in preventing diseases and reducing healthcare burdens. With the aging population and rising prevalence of chronic conditions, there’s a greater emphasis on adult immunization to prevent vaccine-preventable diseases and improve public health outcomes.

Distribution Channel Insights

The hospital and retail pharmacies segment held the dominating share of the vaccines market in 2023. Hospitals and retail pharmacies have extensive networks that ensure widespread access to vaccines. Their established distribution channels make it easier to deliver vaccines efficiently and reach a broad population, including both urban and rural areas. Both hospitals and retail pharmacies administer a high volume of vaccinations. Hospitals handle routine immunizations for inpatients and outpatients, while retail pharmacies have become increasingly popular for administering vaccines due to their convenience and accessibility.

Vaccines Market Recent Developments

  • In March 2024, Cadila Pharmaceuticals announced the launch of Cadiflu Tetra, a new quadrivalent influenza vaccine approved by the Drug Controller General of India (DCGI). This vaccine targets four strains of influenza virus subtypes A and B, providing protection against seasonal flu epidemics in both adults and children.
  • In January 2024, Indian Immunologicals Ltd (IIL), a subsidiary of the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB), introduced Havisure, India’s first domestically produced Hepatitis A vaccine.

Vaccines Market Companies

  • GSK plc
  • Merck & Co Inc
  • Pfizer Inc
  • Sanofi
  • CSL (Australia), Emergent
  • Johnson and Johnson Services, Inc.
  • Astrazeneca
  • Serum Institute of India Pvt Ltd
  • Bavarian Nordic
  • Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation
  • Daiichi Sankyo Company, Limited
  • Panacea Biotec
  • Biological E Ltd.
  • Bharat Biotech
  • Novavax
  • Inovio Pharmaceuticals
  • Sinovac
  • Incepta Pharma
  • Valneva Se
  • VBI Vaccines Inc
  • Bio Farma
  • Zhi Fei Biological
  • Indian Immunologicals Ltd.

Segments Covered in the Report

By Type

  • Recombinant/conjugate/Subunit
  • Inactivated
  • Live Attenuated
  • Viral Vector
  • mRNA
  • Toxoid
  • Others

By Route of Administration

  • Parenteral
  • Oral

By Disease Indication

  • Viral Diseases
    • Hepatitis
    • Influenza
    • Human Papillomavirus
    • Measles/Mumps/Rubella
    • Rotavirus
    • Herpes Zoster
    • Others
  • Bacterial Diseases
    • Meningococcal Disease
    • Pneumococcal Disease
    • Diphtheria/Tetanus/Pertussis
    • Others

By Age Group

  • Pediatric
  • Adults

By Distribution Channel

  • Hospital & Retail Pharmacies
  • Government Suppliers
  • Others

By Geography

  • North America
  • Asia Pacific
  • Europe
  • Latin America
  • Middle East & Africa

Frequently Asked Questions

How big is the vaccines industry?
The global vaccines market size is expected to increase USD 152.45 billion by 2033 from USD 81.06 billion in 2023.
What is the growth rate of the vaccines industry?
The global vaccines market will register growth rate of 6.52% between 2024 and 2033.
Who are the prominent players operating in the vaccines market?
The major players operating in the vaccines market are GSK plc, Merck & Co Inc, Pfizer Inc, Sanofi, CSL (Australia), Emergent, Johnson and Johnson Services, Inc., AstraZeneca, Serum Institute of India Pvt Ltd, Bavarian Nordic, Mitsubishi Tanabe Pharma Corporation, Daiichi Sankyo Company, Limited, Panacea Biotec, Biological E Ltd., Bharat Biotech, Novavax, Inovio Pharmaceuticals, Sinovac, Incepta Pharma, Valneva Se, VBI Vaccines Inc, Bio Farma, FSUE NPO MICROGEN, Zhi Fei Biological, Indian Immunologicals Ltd, and Others.
Which are the driving factors of the vaccines market?
The driving factors of the vaccines market are the growing global health security initiatives and rapid vaccine development and production scalability.
Which region will lead the global vaccines market?
North America region will lead the global vaccines market during the forecast period 2024 to 2033.


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