Flat Steel Market (By Type: Hot Rolled Coil (HRC), Cold Rolled Coil (CRC), Sheets, Others; By Application: Construction, Automotive & Transportation, Mechanical Equipment, Energy, Packaging, Others) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Regional Outlook, and Forecast 2024-2033

Flat Steel Market Size, Growth, 2024 to 2033

The global flat steel market size was valued at USD 547.18 billion in 2023 and is expected to hit around USD 881.20 billion by 2033, poised to grow at a CAGR of 4.75% from 2024 to 2033.

Flat Steel Market Size 2024 To 2033

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Key Takeaways

  • Asia Pacific contributed more than 60.2% of revenue share in 2023.
  • By type, the hot rolled coil (HRC) segment held the largest segment of the flat steel market in 2023.
  • By type, the cold rolled coil (CRC) segment is expected to grow at a significant rate during the forecast period.
  • By application, the construction segment is expected to hold the dominating share of the market during the forecast period.
  • By application, the energy segment is expected to grow at a notable rate.

Flat Steel Market in the Asia Pacific 2024 to 2033

The Asia Pacific flat steel market size was valued at USD 322.60 billion in 2023 and is expected to reach around USD 518 billion by 2033, growing at a CAGR of 4.90% from 2024 to 2033.

Asia Pacific Flat Steel Market Size 2024 To 2033

Asia Pacific has held the largest revenue share of 60.2% in 2023. Asia-Pacific stands as a dominant force in the flat steel market, driven by vigorous industrial growth, swift urban expansion, and substantial infrastructure initiatives.

  • According to the World Steel Association, China, a key player in the region, is the world's largest producer and consumer of steel.

The area's prominence is further propelled by heightened construction and flourishing automotive manufacturing. India, a key contributor, is also experiencing a significant upsurge in infrastructure endeavors. With these factors in play, Asia-Pacific retains a leading position in the global flat steel market, wielding considerable influence on demand patterns and industry trajectories.

Meanwhile, Europe's notable growth in the flat steel market can be attributed to robust demand from the construction and automotive sectors. The recovery of these industries post-pandemic, coupled with increased infrastructure investments, fuels the demand for flat steel. Moreover, the region's commitment to sustainable practices aligns with the material's recyclability and eco-friendly features. Favorable economic conditions, technological advancements, and a focus on energy-efficient applications contribute to Europe's prominence in the expanding flat steel market.

Flat Steel Market Share, By Region, 2023 (%)

North America is poised for rapid growth in the flat steel market due to several factors. The region is experiencing a resurgence in construction activities, including infrastructure development and residential projects. Additionally, the recovering automotive industry, coupled with advancements in technology and a focus on lightweight materials, is driving increased demand for flat steel in vehicle manufacturing. The region's commitment to renewable energy projects, such as wind power, further contributes to the growing need for flat steel in the energy sector. These combined factors position North America as a key player in the expanding flat steel market.

Flat Steel Market Overview

Flat steel refers to a class of steel products characterized by their flat and thin shapes, typically in the form of sheets or strips. These sheets exhibit a rectangular cross-section and are produced through processes such as hot rolling or cold rolling. Flat steel finds extensive use in various industries, including construction, automotive manufacturing, appliances, shipbuilding, and infrastructure projects.

Its versatility stems from its ability to be easily manipulated and formed into different shapes, making it a crucial material for constructing buildings, manufacturing vehicles, and creating diverse consumer goods. The flat steel market is influenced by factors such as economic conditions, infrastructure development, and technological advancements, reflecting its integral role in supporting the global industrial and construction sectors.

Flat Steel Market Data and Statistics

  • India is the world’s second-largest producer of crude steel, with an output of 125.32 MT of crude steel and finished steel production of 121.29 MT in FY23.
  • As announced in May 2023, INOX Air Products will invest Rs. 1,300 crore (US$ 157.5 million) to set up two air separation units having a capacity of 1,800 tons a day each at Tata Steel's plant in Dhenkanal, Odisha.
  • On July 20, 2023, Mr. Jyotiraditya M. Scindia, the Union Minister of Steel, and Mr. Nishimura Yasutoshi, the Minister of Economy, Trade, and Industry of Japan, convened in New Delhi for a bilateral meeting. The focus of their discussions centered on fostering collaboration in the steel sector and addressing concerns related to decarbonization.
  • AMNS India, a significant player in the industry, is gearing up for a substantial investment of US$ 7.4 billion. This investment aims to augment capacity across both upstream and downstream operations, with a particular emphasis on enhancing iron ore capabilities.
  • In a strategic move, JSW Steel and JFE Steel inked an agreement in May 2023 to establish a joint venture (JV) company. This JV, set to operate in Vijaynagar, Karnataka, is geared towards manufacturing the complete spectrum of cold-rolled grain-oriented electrical steel (CRGO) products.
  • April 2023 marked a milestone for AMNS India, a collaborative venture between ArcelorMittal and Nippon Steel. The National Company Law Tribunal (NCLT) in India granted approval for AMNS India to acquire Indian Steel Corporation, further consolidating its position in the market.
  • Tata Steel, in the same month, disclosed its partnership with A&B Global Mining (ABGM) to explore new business avenues. This collaboration extends to mine technical services, with a focus on leveraging each other's strengths for projects in the mining and metals, including the steel value chain.
  • A significant development under the Production Linked Incentive (PLI) Scheme for Specialty Steel was the selection of 67 applications from 30 companies. This move is expected to attract a committed investment of Rs. 42,500 crore (US$ 5.19 billion), leading to a downstream capacity addition of 26 million tonnes and the potential generation of 70,000 jobs.

Steel export and import data for the top 10 countries in the world:

Country Exports (Million Tonnes) Imports (Million Tonnes) Trade Balance (Million Tonnes)
China 62.2 55.3 6.9
Japan 35.1 19.2 15.9
India 11.2 8.3 2.9
South Korea 33.6 26.2 7.4
Russia 35.9 7.8 28.1
United States 10.1 23.9 -13.8
Germany 24.1 21.4 2.7
Italy 21.3 15.8 5.5
Turkey 16.2 12.1 4.1
France 14.9 12.8 2.1

Growth Factors

  • The increasing integration of genomics into healthcare practices fuels the demand for flat steel. Applications such as clinical diagnostics, oncology, and pharmacogenomics drive market growth. As genomic information becomes more central to disease understanding and treatment strategies, the need for consumables in laboratories and clinical settings continues to rise.
  • A significant driver for market expansion is the ongoing reduction in the cost of DNA sequencing. The achievement of the "$1000 genome" milestone and continuous efforts to lower sequencing expenses make genomic analysis more accessible. The declining costs stimulate increased adoption of sequencing technologies, consequently boosting the demand for consumables.
  • The paradigm shift toward personalized medicine, tailoring treatments based on individual genetic profiles, fuels the demand for flat steel. The ability to identify genetic markers and variations crucial for personalized treatment strategies propels the use of sequencing technologies in clinical practice. As personalized medicine gains prominence, the market for consumables is propelled by the increasing need for accurate and comprehensive genomic data.

Flat Steel Market Scope

Report Coverage Details
Market Size in 2023 USD 547.18 Billion
Market Size by 2033 USD 881.20 Billion
Growth Rate from 2024 to 2033 CAGR of 4.75%
Largest Market Asia Pacific
Base Year 2023
Forecast Period 2024 to 2033
Segments Covered By Type, and By Application
Regions Covered North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa

Flat Steel Market Dynamics


Infrastructure Investments

  • The American Society of Civil Engineers estimated that the United States needed to invest trillions of dollars in infrastructure over the next decade.

Infrastructure investments play a crucial role in fueling the demand for the flat steel market. As both government bodies and private enterprises allocate funds towards extensive construction ventures like bridges, highways, and commercial structures, the necessity for flat steel escalates. The adaptability and structural reliability of flat steel make it a fundamental material in these projects. Whether in roofing, flooring, or support structures for buildings, flat steel proves indispensable. Additionally, the transportation sector, including bridges and roads, heavily relies on flat steel due to its resilience and ability to bear substantial loads.

The upswing in infrastructure investments not only triggers an immediate surge in flat steel demand but also initiates a prolonged domino effect. As new infrastructure projects come to fruition, they catalyze economic activities, instigating a continuous cycle of construction and development initiatives. This symbiotic relationship leads to an enduring and expanding need for flat steel, positioning it as a primary beneficiary of heightened infrastructure investments, both at the national and global levels.


Data analysis challenges

Trade disputes and tariffs impose significant restraints on the flat steel market by disrupting the global supply chain and influencing market dynamics. When tariffs are imposed on steel imports or exports, it often leads to increased costs for manufacturers, impacting their competitiveness. The imposition of tariffs can result in a complex web of retaliatory measures and countermeasures, creating uncertainty for flat steel producers and consumers alike. Trade disputes, especially between major economies, can lead to reduced international trade and market fragmentation. This fragmentation can disrupt established supply chains, making it challenging for flat steel manufacturers to source raw materials and distribute products efficiently.

Moreover, the threat of protectionist measures can dampen investor confidence and hinder long-term strategic planning for flat steel companies. The flat steel market's growth is intricately tied to global economic cooperation, and trade disputes introduce volatility and obstacles that can hinder market expansion and stability.


E-commerce and warehousing growth

  • According to the U.S. Census Bureau, e-commerce sales in the United States reached $196.7 billion in the second quarter of 2021, underscoring the robust expansion of the online retail sector.

With the rise of online retail, the demand for robust and efficient logistics infrastructure, including storage and distribution centers, has soared. flat steel plays a pivotal role in constructing these facilities, offering structural support and durability essential for the safe storage and handling of goods. As e-commerce continues to thrive globally, the need for expansive and well-equipped warehousing facilities is expected to persist, creating a sustained demand for flat steel. Moreover, the trend towards automated warehouses and smart logistics centers further amplifies the requirements for durable and versatile flat steel products, positioning the industry at the forefront of supporting the evolving landscape of modern commerce.

Type Insights

The hot rolled coil (HRC) segment dominated the flat steel market in 2023; the segment is observed to continue the trend throughout the forecast period. Hot Rolled Coil (HRC) is a type of flat steel produced through the hot rolling process, involving heating steel and then pressing it between rollers to achieve the desired thickness. Renowned for its malleability and durability, HRC finds extensive application in construction and automotive manufacturing. Within the flat steel market, there is a growing trend towards increased demand for HRC due to its versatility and strength. This reflects the ongoing preference for HRC in manufacturing processes where flexibility and robustness are critical factors.

The cold rolled coil (CRC) segment is expected to grow at a significant rate throughout the forecast period. Cold Rolled Coil (CRC) in the flat steel market refers to flat steel products that undergo a cold rolling process, enhancing surface finish and dimensional accuracy.

  • In 2021, global automotive production reached approximately 77 million units, highlighting the significance of CRC in meeting the stringent quality standards of the automotive industry.

The CRC segment is characterized by its smooth and uniform surface, making it ideal for applications requiring precision. The CRC market has seen increasing demand, driven by its use in automotive manufacturing. In 2021, global automotive production reached approximately 77 million units, highlighting the significance of CRC in meeting the stringent quality standards of the automotive industry.

Application Insights

The construction segment is observed to hold the dominating share of the flat steel market during the forecast period. In the flat steel market, the construction segment pertains to the application of flat steel in various construction facets, including building structures and infrastructure. With the global construction sector expanding, the demand for flat steel remains robust. Flat steel's versatility in roofing, flooring, and structural components positions it as a crucial material, aligning with the escalating construction activities worldwide and underscoring its significance in shaping modern architectural landscapes.

The energy segment is expected to generate a notable revenue share in the market. In the flat steel market, the energy segment involves using flat steel in applications related to the energy sector. This includes constructing wind turbines, transmission towers, and components for oil and gas infrastructure. With a rising global emphasis on renewable energy, especially wind power, there's a growing demand for flat steel in building sturdy wind towers. As the energy industry shifts towards sustainable practices, the role of flat steel in supporting renewable energy infrastructure represents a notable and expanding market trend.

Recent Development

  • In June 2023, Tata Steel Limited inked a memorandum of understanding with Germany's SMS group, marking a collaborative effort in advancing decarbonized steel manufacturing. The partnership entails further technical discussions and a Joint Industrial Demonstration of SMS group's EASyMelt technology, illustrating a shared commitment to sustainable steel production.
  • In February 2023, Nippon Steel strategically aligned with Teck Resources Limited, securing royalty interests and equity in Elk Valley Resources Ltd. This move aims to fortify Nippon Steel's carbon-neutral objectives by ensuring a stable supply of high-quality steelmaking coal, contributing to a sustainable and lucrative consolidated portfolio.
  • ArcelorMittal's successful acquisition of Companhia Siderúrgica do Pecém ('CSP') in Brazil for an estimated USD 2.2 billion in enterprise value, announced in March 2023, signifies a significant stride. The deal not only unlocks financial and operational synergies but also positions ArcelorMittal for future growth opportunities, potentially expanding primary steelmaking capacity.
  • March 2023 witnessed JFE Steel's innovation as it enhanced the fatigue resistance of its AFD (anti-fatigue-damage) steel, introducing a thin-walled variant. This development opens up diverse applications, particularly in structural components like bridges, promising durability and reduced maintenance costs for long-term steel constructions.
  • In May 2023, JFE Steel Corporation and JSW Steel Limited laid the groundwork for a joint venture to manufacture grain-oriented electrical steel sheets (GOES) in India. With a focus on supporting India's growing economy through supplying GOES for green energy network projects, this collaboration aligns with sustainable initiatives.
  • In January 2022, the collaboration between POSCO and the Adani Group embarked on exploring commercial synergies, including the prospect of establishing an environmentally friendly integrated steel mill in Mundra, Gujarat, alongside other business endeavors.
  • In July 2022, the strategic partnership between BP p.l.c. and ThyssenKrupp Steel took shape to facilitate the decarbonization of steel production. Their collaboration involves the supply of renewable power and low-carbon hydrogen, with a commitment to advocating policies in Europe conducive to the advancement of low-carbon hydrogen and green steel.

Flat Steel Market Companies

  • ArcelorMittal
  • Nippon Steel Corporation
  • Tata Steel Limited
  • Baosteel Group Corporation
  • ThyssenKrupp AG
  • JFE Steel Corporation
  • Voestalpine AG
  • United States Steel Corporation
  • JSW Steel Limited
  • Severstal
  • Essar Steel
  • Hyundai Steel Company
  • Ansteel Group Corporation

Segments Covered in the Report

By Type

  • Hot Rolled Coil (HRC)
  • Cold Rolled Coil (CRC)
  • Sheets
  • Others

By Application

  • Construction
  • Automotive & Transportation
  • Mechanical Equipment
  • Energy
  • Packaging
  • Others

By Geography

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
  • Latin America
  • Middle East and Africa

Frequently Asked Questions

How big is the flat steel industry?
The global flat steel market size is expected to increase USD 881.20 billion by 2033 from USD 547.18 billion in 2023.
What is the growth rate of the flat steel industry?
The global flat steel market will register growth rate of 4.75% between 2024 and 2033.
Who are the prominent players operating in the flat steel market?
The major players operating in the flat steel market are ArcelorMittal, Nippon Steel Corporation, POSCO, Tata Steel Limited, Baosteel Group Corporation, ThyssenKrupp AG, JFE Steel Corporation, Voestalpine AG, United States Steel Corporation, SSAB AB, JSW Steel Limited, Severstal, Essar Steel, Hyundai Steel Company, Ansteel Group Corporation, and Others.
Which are the driving factors of the flat steel market?
The driving factors of the flat steel market are the increasing integration of genomics into healthcare practices fuels the demand and infrastructure investments.
Which region will lead the global flat steel market?
Asia Pacific region will lead the global flat steel market during the forecast period 2024 to 2033.


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