Wave And Tidal Energy Market (By Type: Wave Energy, Tidal Energy; By Technology: Tidal stream generator, Oscillating Water Columns, Tidal turbines, Tidal barrages, Tidal fences; By Application: Power generation, Desalination) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Regional Outlook, and Forecast 2023-2032

The global wave and tidal energy market size reached USD 500.2 million in 2022 and is estimated to hit around USD 1,211.56 million by 2032, poised to grow at a CAGR of 9.30% during the forecast period from 2023 to 2032.

Wave and Tidal Energy Market Size 2023 To 2032

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Key Takeaways

  • North America contributed more than 35% of revenue share in 2022.
  • Europe region is estimated to expand the fastest CAGR between 2023 and 2032.
  • By Type, the wave energy segment has the largest market share of 65% in 2022.
  • By Type, the tide energy segment is anticipated to grow at a remarkable CAGR of 10.8% between 2023 and 2032.
  • By Technology, the tidal stream generator segment generated over 50% of revenue share in 2022.
  • By Technology, the tidal fences segment is expected to expand at the fastest CAGR over the projected period.
  • By Application, the power generation animal segment had the largest market share of 71% in 2022.
  • By Application, the desalination segment is expected to expand at the fastest CAGR over the projected period.

Wave and Tidal Energy Market Overview

The wave and tidal energy sector encompasses the utilization of oceanic wave and tidal movements to generate renewable power. It entails the advancement and deployment of devices like wave energy converters and tidal turbines to capture the kinetic and gravitational energy of water motion. This market exhibits considerable potential as a sustainable and dependable energy source, offering merits such as consistent electricity production and minimal ecological footprint. Governments, energy firms, and scientists are deeply engaged in exploring this domain, aiming to unlock the vast, yet largely untapped, energy-generating capacity within oceans, promoting clean and sustainable power generation.

Wave and Tidal Energy Market in the U.S. 2023 To 2032

The U.S. wave and tidal energy market size was valued at USD 122.55 million in 2022 and is expected to reach USD 299.56 million by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 9.4% from 2023 to 2032.

U.S. Wave and Tidal Energy Market Size 2023 To 2032

North America has held the largest revenue share 35% in 2022
. North America commands a significant share in the wave and tidal energy market due to its substantial investment in research, development, and deployment of these technologies. The region benefits from an abundance of suitable coastal locations and possesses a strong regulatory framework, which encourages industry growth. Additionally, government support in the form of grants, tax incentives, and initiatives further accelerates the market. North America's commitment to clean energy and its technological advancements have positioned it as a major player in the global wave and tidal energy market, attracting substantial investments and fostering innovation.

Wave and Tidal Energy Market Share, By Region,2023 To 2032

Europe is estimated to observe the fastest expansion
. Europe commands substantial growth in the wave and tidal energy market due to several key factors. The region has demonstrated a strong governmental commitment to renewable energy, offering financial incentives and supportive policies that attract investments. Europe's extensive coastline provides ample potential for wave and tidal energy deployment. Additionally, the presence of leading technology developers and research institutions fosters innovation. Collaborative efforts and a mature offshore industry create a conducive environment for project development. These combined elements make Europe a significant player in advancing the wave and tidal energy sector, underlining its major growth in the market.

Growth Factors

  • Escalating apprehensions regarding climate change and ecological degradation have engendered a mounting appetite for green, sustainable power origins. Wave and tidal energy, by virtue of its capability to produce electricity devoid of any greenhouse gas emissions, stands as an eco-friendly alternative. As the world traverses the path of heightened environmental consciousness, this industry stands on the cusp of momentous expansion.
  • These renewable energy systems are deemed environmentally benign due to their almost negligible carbon footprint. The absence of emissions during the energy generation process situates these technologies as pivotal contributors in the battle against climate change. Governments and entities are thus prompted to pour resources into and champion wave and tidal energy as a component of their endeavors to truncate carbon emissions and advocate sustainability.
  • Energy security looms as a paramount concern for myriad nations. Dependency on fossil fuels and external energy imports can leave countries susceptible to supply disruptions and price undulations. Wave and tidal energy, indigenous in nature, can bolster energy autonomy by trimming reliance on foreign energy supplies.
  • Harnessing the boundless potential of oceanic forces enables nations to amass greater energy self-sufficiency. The anticipated constancy and predictability of oceanic energy sources proffer a dependable power reservoir, thereby curtailing susceptibilities to geopolitical frictions or market gyrations. Governments comprehend the strategic value in diversifying their energy spectrum with autochthonous, reliable assets such as wave and tidal energy.
  • Unceasing innovations in wave and tidal energy technology are ameliorating the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of these systems. Research and development endeavors are catalyzing innovation in materials, structural design, and deployment methodologies, culminating in augmented energy conversion efficacy and diminished operating expenditures.
  • Innovations in materials, encompassing lighter and more resilient composites, are facilitating the fabrication of more efficient apparatuses. Sophisticated control systems and refined maintenance techniques are heightening the reliability and life expectancy of wave and tidal energy installations. As technology continues to advance, these systems are increasingly standing toe-to-toe with conventional energy sources, magnetizing more investments and broadening the vista for market growth.
  • Owing to its perennial character, wave and tidal energy can serve as a fundamental energy source, accommodating the surging electrical requisites of both developed and emerging nations. It complements alternative renewables like solar and wind, ensuring a consistent energy provision. As nations endeavor to harmonize their energy portfolios, wave and tidal energy are steadily witnessing growth as contributors to the comprehensive energy blend.

Wave and Tidal Energy Market Scope

Report Coverage Details
Growth Rate from 2023 to 2032 CAGR of 9.30%
Market Size in 2023 USD 544.22 Million
Market Size by 2032 USD 1211.56 Million
Largest Market North America
Base Year 2022
Forecast Period 2023 to 2032
Segments Covered By Type, By Technology, and By Application
Regions Covered North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa

Wave and Tidal Energy Market Dynamics


Job creation and economic growth

The interplay of job generation and economic expansion constitutes a critical catalyst for propelling the wave and tidal energy market forward. This symbiotic relationship is instrumental in fostering the industry's growth. To begin, the inception and advancement of wave and tidal energy technologies precipitate the creation of employment opportunities spanning a wide array of sectors. This encompasses roles in research and development, engineering, manufacturing, installation, maintenance, and day-to-day operations.

The sector's demand for a skilled workforce, including technicians and engineers, drives the genesis of jobs, particularly in coastal locales where these ventures are typically situated. In doing so, it serves to mitigate unemployment rates and supports the sustenance of local communities.

Moreover, the wave and tidal energy domain triggers economic expansion by attracting investments. Governments, private investors, and international entities frequently allocate substantial resources to bolster research, development, and the commercialization of these technologies. This infusion of capital not only fuels innovation but also spurs economic activity, as it permeates research institutions, manufacturing facilities, and project infrastructure. Furthermore, wave and tidal energy undertakings necessitate regional supply chains and services, further amplifying economic prospects.

The cultivation of a novel industry ecosystem, which encompasses equipment production, maintenance services, and infrastructure development, has the potential to invigorate local economies. This invigoration, in turn, can furnish resilience against economic downturns and engender enduring economic stability in these coastal regions. To summarize, job creation and economic expansion serve as potent propellants for the wave and tidal energy market. They invigorate local economies, curtail joblessness, and entice investments, collectively bolstering the sector's sustainable progression and maturation.


Environmental impact and uncertainty

Environmental impact and uncertainty present notable constraints to the growth of the wave and tidal energy market. These challenges stem from the potential harm to marine ecosystems and habitat disruption associated with the installation and operation of wave and tidal energy devices. Such environmental concerns can result in stringent regulatory oversight, necessitating costly impact assessments, and mitigation measures, thereby increasing project complexity and costs. Moreover, the uncertainty surrounding the long-term ecological effects of these technologies can create reluctance among investors and communities.

The potential for unforeseen consequences on marine life and ecosystems poses risks that require careful monitoring and adaptive management. The industry's growth is contingent on addressing these environmental concerns through responsible and sustainable practices, such as strategic project placement, thorough impact assessments, and collaboration with environmental agencies. By mitigating these concerns and establishing best practices, the wave and tidal energy sector can navigate the regulatory landscape and garner greater acceptance, facilitating its expansion.


Renewable energy transition

The global transition toward renewable energy sources offers a significant opening for the wave and tidal energy market. As nations increasingly commit to curbing carbon emissions and embracing clean power, wave and tidal energy stand out as promising contributors to this worldwide transformation. These marine energy resources bring distinct advantages to the table. They deliver reliable and stable power generation, complementing intermittent renewables like solar and wind. This collaboration enhances grid stability, rendering wave and tidal energy indispensable in a diversified renewable energy mix.

Additionally, the expansion of the wave and tidal energy sector can aid in reducing reliance on fossil fuels and imported energy, bolstering energy autonomy. This aligns with the broader objective of attaining energy self-sufficiency and lessening vulnerability to geopolitical complexities and price fluctuations. In the pursuit of meeting renewable energy targets, both governments and industries have an opportunity to facilitate the growth of the wave and tidal energy market. This growth can stimulate employment, foster sustainable energy development, and help address the urgent issue of climate change.

Impact of COVID-19

  • The wave and tidal energy market faced substantial disruptions in its global supply chains due to COVID-19. Lockdowns, travel restrictions, and reduced workforce availability hampered the production and transportation of critical components and materials for wave and tidal energy devices. This resulted in project delays and increased costs as companies struggled to source necessary equipment and manage logistics.
  • The economic uncertainty brought about by the pandemic affected investment in the wave and tidal energy sector. Many investors became cautious, redirecting capital to more established and less risky opportunities. Start-ups and smaller companies found it challenging to secure funding, which slowed innovation and project development.
  • Owing to supply chain disruptions and financial constraints, many wave and tidal energy projects experienced delays or were postponed indefinitely. This had a direct impact on the growth and deployment of the technology, delaying the commercialization and expansion of the sector.
  • Some governments adjusted their priorities in response to the pandemic, which affected policy support for wave and tidal energy. Budget reallocations and shifting political priorities led to changes in incentives and support for the sector, potentially creating uncertainty for investors and project developers.

Type Insights

According to the type, the wave energy segment has held a 65% revenue share in 2022. The wave energy segment holds a major share in the wave and tidal energy market due to its technological maturity and reliability. Wave energy systems are more advanced and have been commercially deployed, making them a preferred choice for investors and governments. They offer predictable and consistent power generation, making them easier to integrate into existing grids.

Wave and Tidal Energy Market Share, By Type, 2022 (%)

Additionally, the infrastructure required for wave energy projects is less complex compared to tidal energy. While tidal energy has significant potential, it is still in the earlier stages of development, and the wave energy segment has a head start in capturing a larger market share.

The tide energy segment is anticipated to expand at a significant CAGR of 10.8% during the projected period. The tidal energy segment holds a substantial share in the wave and tidal energy market due to several key factors. Tidal energy benefits from more predictable and consistent energy generation compared to wave energy, making it a reliable and attractive source of renewable power. Tidal currents follow regular patterns, offering grid stability.

Additionally, the technology for tidal energy is more mature and commercially viable, with projects in operation around the world. Its consistent performance and existing infrastructure give it a significant edge, making tidal energy a major player in the wave and tidal energy market.

Technology Insights

Based on the technology, the tidal stream generator segment held the largest market share of 50% in 2022. The tidal stream generator segment holds a significant share in the wave and tidal energy market due to its reliability and consistent power generation. Tidal currents are highly predictable, and tidal stream generators can operate at high-capacity factors, making them a dependable source of renewable energy. Additionally, the technology is more mature and commercially viable compared to some other wave energy conversion systems.

Governments and investors favor the proven track record of tidal stream generators, and their predictable output aligns well with grid requirements. As a result, they have captured a major share in the market, demonstrating steady and promising growth prospects.

On the other hand, the tidal fences segment is projected to grow at the fastest rate over the projected period. The tidal fences segment holds significant growth in the wave and tidal energy market due to its effectiveness in harnessing tidal energy. Tidal fences, or underwater turbines, are strategically placed in narrow channels or estuaries where tidal currents are strong, ensuring a consistent energy source.

Their predictable power generation, minimal environmental impact, and ability to be integrated into existing infrastructure make them a preferred choice. Additionally, their maturity and successful track record in pilot projects have instilled confidence in investors and governments, driving further development and deployment, thus maintaining a substantial growth in the market.

Application Insights

In 2022, the power generation segment had the highest market share of 71% on the basis of the application. The power generation segment dominates the wave and tidal energy market due to its primary role in harnessing the potential of oceanic energy resources. Wave and tidal technologies are primarily developed for electricity generation, offering a clean and renewable energy source. Their consistent power production aligns with the need for reliable, grid-compatible energy. This segment is also supported by government incentives and investment, driving innovation and project development. As the global demand for sustainable energy grows, the power generation segment remains the focal point, making wave and tidal energy an attractive solution in the transition towards cleaner energy sources.

Wave and Tidal Energy Market Share, By Application, 2023 To 2032

The desalination segment is anticipated to expand at the fastest rate over the projected period.
The prevalence growth of the desalination segment in the wave and tidal energy market can be attributed to its multifaceted utility. Wave and tidal energy systems can effectively drive desalination facilities, serving a dual role by simultaneously generating clean energy and freshwater. This integrated approach provides a sustainable response to the critical issues of water scarcity prevalent in numerous coastal areas. Consequently, it garners attention from governmental bodies and investors alike. The synergistic relationship between energy production and desalination delivers cost-efficient and ecologically sound solutions, underscoring the significance of this sector within the broader wave and tidal energy market.

Recent Developments

  • On June 14, 2021, EcoWave Power made an announcement about the arrival of its wave energy conversion device at the Jaffa site in Israel. This marks a significant step in their collaboration with EDF Renewables IL on the EWP - EDP project, which is financially supported by the Israeli Energy Ministry. Notably, the device will be positioned on land, ensuring easy accessibility for future maintenance and operational activities.
  • In June 2021, Mocean Energy initiated testing of its groundbreaking Blue X wave energy prototype at the European Marine Energy (EMEC) facility located in Orkney. After being towed from Kirkwall, the wave energy apparatus was prepared for its initial sea trials at EMEC's Scapa Flow test site.
  • In April 2021, Orbital Marine Power introduced the world's most potent tidal turbine, the Orbital O2. This remarkable turbine was launched from the Port of Dundee in Scotland and is scheduled for connection to the European Marine Center in Orkney, where it will commence its operational phase.

Wave and Tidal Energy Market Players

  • Ocean Power Technologies
  • Pelamis Wave Power
  • Wello
  • Wave Swell
  • Carnegie Clean Energy
  • Ocean Renewable Power Company
  • SIMEC Atlantis Energy
  • Orbital Marine Power
  • Eco Wave Power
  • OpenHydro
  • Aquamarine Power
  • CorPower Ocean
  • BioPower Systems
  • AW Energy
  • Seabased

Segments Covered in the Report

By Type

  • Wave Energy
  • Tidal Energy

By Technology

  • Tidal stream generator
  • Oscillating Water Columns
  • Tidal turbines
  • Tidal barrages
  • Tidal fences

By Application

  • Power generation
  • Desalination

By Geography

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
  • Latin America
  • Middle East and Africa

Frequently Asked Questions

How big is the wave And tidal energy industry?
The global wave And tidal energy market size is expected to increase USD 299.56 million by 2032 from USD 122.55 million in 2022.
What is the growth rate of the wave And tidal energy industry?
The global wave And tidal energy market will register growth rate of 9.30% between 2023 and 2032.
Who are the prominent players operating in the wave And tidal energy market?
The major players operating in the wave And tidal energy market are Ocean Power Technologies, Pelamis Wave Power, Wello, Wave Swell, Carnegie Clean Energy, Ocean Renewable Power Company, SIMEC Atlantis Energy, Orbital Marine Power, Eco Wave Power, OpenHydro, Aquamarine Power, CorPower Ocean, BioPower Systems, AW Energy, Seabased, and Others.
Which are the driving factors of the wave And tidal energy market?
The driving factors of the wave And tidal energy market are the interplay of job generation and economic expansion.
Which region will lead the global wave And tidal energy market?
North America region will lead the global wave And tidal energy market during the forecast period 2023 to 2032.


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