U.S. Healthcare Staffing Market (By Type: Travel Nurse Staffing, Per Diem Nurse Staffing, Locum Tenens Staffing, Allied Healthcare Staffing; By End User: Hospitals, Ambulatory Surgical & Clinics, Others) - Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, and Forecast 2024-2033

The U.S. healthcare staffing market size was estimated at USD 24.89 billion in 2023 and is projected to hit around USD 43.38 billion by 2033, growing at a CAGR of 5.71% during the forecast period 2024 to 2033.

U.S. Healthcare Staffing Market Size 2024 To 2033

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Key Takeaways

  • The travel nurse staffing type segment accounted around 45.10% of market share in 2023.
  • The per diem nurse type segment has captured market share of around 19% in 2023.
  • The hospitals end use segment has generated market share of around 42.05% in 2023.
  • The ambulatory surgical & clinics segment has held 38.10% market share in 2023.

U.S. Healthcare Staffing Marke Overview

Healthcare staffing services (HCSS) provide an independent and comprehensive assessment of an organization's ability to provide professional staffing services. Medical staffing agencies seek accreditation to demonstrate their commitment to providing a higher standard of service. Other benefits of certification include: the medical staffing activities are widely used by hospitals, ambulatory care organizations, nursing homes, clinics, government agencies, pharmaceutical companies, educational institutions, and medical software companies around the world.

Covid 19 Impact:

Demand for staffing and workforce solutions experienced a surge due to the outburst of the coronavirus pandemic. The rising incidence of infections proliferated the demand for travel and per diem nurses.  

According to a poll conducted by Avant healthcare professionals, 90% of the medical facilities accepted using travel nurses for the management of COVID-19 patients in 2020, compared to less than 60% in 2019. On the other hand, the demand for locum tenens specialists and allied health professionals decreased due to the cancellation of elective surgeries.

Moreover, Due to the stress and burnout caused by the COVID-19 pandemic, many nurses and doctors are planning an early retirement. This will exacerbate the existing shortage of medical staff and increase the demand for temporary nursing staff and temporary workers.

U.S. Healthcare Staffing Marke Scope

Report Coverage Details
Market Size in 2023 USD 24.89 Billion
Market Size by 2033 USD 43.38 Billion
Growth Rate from 2023 to 2032 CAGR of 5.71%
Base Year 2023
Forecast Period 2024 to 2033
Segments Covered By Type, By End User

U.S. Healthcare Staffing Marke Dynamics

Drivers: Increasing geriatric population and technological advancement helps drive the market growth

The growing elderly population in the United States is creating a highly favorable environment for chronic diseases. The WHO report also found that the global population aged 60 and over will double from 12% to 22% between 2015 and 2022. In addition to this, people over the age of 65 are three times more likely to be hospitalized and twice as likely to visit a doctor's office. An aging society is likely to suffer from infectious and chronic diseases, which is expected to have a major impact on medical care.

Technological advances are one of the main drivers of the growth of the healthcare workforce. With the advent of various innovations such as B. telemedicine and medical informatics, there is a growing need for a skilled workforce to handle both technical and non-technical aspects of these devices. Therefore, it has become imperative to train existing professionals and recruit new ones. Flexibility in the organization of work hours and attractive wages are the main reasons why more and more nurses become per diem or traveling nurses.

Restrains: Surgical robots restrain the growth of the market

Robotic-assisted surgery enables doctors to perform many types of complex surgeries with greater precision, flexibility, and control than traditional techniques. Automation and robotics are replacing medical staffing. The increase in demand of robotics restrains the healthcare staff in the united states. According to NCBI, The United States has more robotic operations than any other country in the world. Additionally, the United States accounts for 65% of all DaVinci robotic devices installed and 73% of all robotic cases conducted worldwide.

Opportunities: An increase in the number of hospitals and care center provide a significant opportunity 

Significant increases in the number of government and non-government hospitals, acute care centers, long-term care centers, and other types of medical facilities are expected to significantly help in increasing healthcare providers. The number of hospitals is surging due to improved medical infrastructure and increased investment in public health. According to the American Hospital Association, the total number of hospitals in the United States was 6,090 in 2020. Building a new hospital requires hiring well-trained medical staff. This helps in driving market growth in the future.

Type Insights

Based on type the healthcare staffing market is segmented into travel nurse staffing, Per Diem Nurse Staffing, Locum Tenens Staffing, and Allied Healthcare Staffing. The travel nurse staffing segment dominated the healthcare staffing market.  This is due to high salaries, travel opportunities, and short-term assignments. In addition, hospitals are being forced to downsize due to soaring medical costs. That is why they choose these services to ensure caregivers are available when their workload increases.

U.S. Healthcare Staffing Market Share, By Type, 2023 (%)

On the other hand, the locum tenens staff segment is expected to register the largest growth during the forecast period. A growing shortage of GPs and specialists and hospitals hiring paramedics during peak seasons to cut costs are the main reasons for the growth of this segment. In 2019, They had nearly 52,000 doctors working as visiting physicians, according to Staff Care's 2020 Dispatch Physician Dispatch Trends report. An increase in the number of doctors preferring to work as locum doctors is anticipated to support the growth 

Allied healthcare staffing is specialized in healthcare employment with an emphasis in allied health and nursing. Allied Healthcare offers first-class enrolment services staffed 24 hours a day. Your facility can improve its recruitment process by utilizing vetted professional Temporary, Temporary Hiring, and Direct Placement services.

U.S. Healthcare Staffing Market Revenue, By Type, 2021-2023 (USD Billion)

By Type 2021 2022 2023
Travel Nurse Staffing 8.56 10.62 11.23
Per Diem Nurse Staffing 3.80 4.72 4.97
Locum Tenens Staffing 3.14 3.89 4.12
Allied Healthcare Staffing 3.57 4.37 4.58


End-User Insights

Based on end-user the healthcare staffing market is categorized into hospitals, Ambulatory surgical, and clinics. In hospitals, the increasing need for more staff owing to many departments and a greater patient volume is driving the market growth. Ambulatory care or ambulatory care is medical care provided on an outpatient basis, including diagnosis, observation, counseling, treatment, intervention, and rehabilitation services. Ambulatory care services are the largest driver of increased hospital spending and health system performance in most countries. Moreover, clinics are small and require less healthcare staff as compared to hospitals.

U.S. Healthcare Staffing Market Share, By End Use, 2023 (%)

U.S. Healthcare Staffing Market Revenue, By End User, 2021-2023 (USD Billion)

By Type 2021 2022 2023
Hospitals 8.00 9.91 10.47
Ambulatory Surgical & Clinics 7.23 8.97 9.48
Others 3.84 4.72 4.94


Recent Developments

  • In June 2021, Cross Country Healthcare, Inc. completed the acquisition of Workforce Solutions Group, Inc., a provider of workforce management solutions to clients.
  • In November 2019, HNI Healthcare, Inc. acquired Martin Healthcare Group, a privately held company with operations in Florida and the Midwest, to expand its reach in the Midwest United States.
  • In February 2022, Cross Country Healthcare acquired nearly all of Selectee’s assets. Selected is a cloud-based talent mapping and recruitment platform that matches institutions and educators based on mutually recognized preferences to ensure customized long-term achievement.

U.S. Healthcare Staffing Marke Companies

  • Amn Healthcare
  • Envision Healthcare Corporation
  • CHG Management, Inc.
  • Maxim Healthcare Group
  • Cross Country Healthcare, Inc.
  • Trustaff
  • Aya Healthcare
  • Teamhealth
  • Adecco Group
  • Locumtenens.Com

Segments Covered in the Report

By Type

  • Travel Nurse Staffing
  • Per Diem Nurse Staffing
  • Locum Tenens Staffing
    • Physicians
    • Physician Assistants
    • Nurse Practitioners
    • Others
  • Allied Healthcare Staffing

By End-User

  • Hospitals
  • Ambulatory Surgical & Clinics
  • Others

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the U.S. healthcare staffing market size?
The U.S. healthcare staffing market size was accounted at USD 24.89 billion in 2023 and it is expected to reach around USD 43.38 billion by 2033.
What will be the CAGR of U.S. healthcare staffing market?
The U.S. healthcare staffing market is poised to grow at a CAGR of 5.71% from 2024 to 2033.
Who are the prominent players operating in the U.S. healthcare staffing market?
The major players operating in the U.S. healthcare staffing market are Amn Healthcare, Envision Healthcare Corporation, CHG Management, Inc., Maxim Healthcare Group, Cross Country Healthcare, Inc., Trustaff, Aya Healthcare, Teamhealth, Adecco Group, Locumtenens.Com and Others.
Which are the driving factors of the U.S. healthcare staffing market?
Increasing geriatric population and technological advancement, these are driving factor of the U.S. healthcare staffing market.


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