4D Printing Market (By Material: Programmable Carbon Fiber, Programmable Wood - Custom Printed Wood Grain, Programmable Textile, Programmable Bio Material; By End User: Aerospace & Defense, Automotive, Construction, Clothing, Healthcare, Utility, Others) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Regional Outlook, and Forecast 2023 – 2032

The global 4D printing market size was accounted at US$ 137 million in 2022 and it is projected to reach around US$ 2998.38 million by 2032, poised to grow at a CAGR 36.20% from 2023 to 2032.

4D printing is also known 4D bioprinting, shape morphing system or active origami. 4D printing is the renovation in 3D printing where special materials are used to print the objects that can change the shape after the production. Due to an increase in the need for reduction in manufacturing and process cost there is a growth in the market revenue of the faulty printing. This happens to be or sustainable V that will foster the market growth. It provides a holistic evaluation of the market hence the global 4D printing market is expected to grow during the forecast.

4D Printing Market Size 2023 to 2032

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A similar technique like the one used for the 3D printing is used for producing in which there is deposition of material one on top of the previous one. But in the case of 4D printing the dimension gets added due to transformation over a period of time. The product reacts with the environment and changes its form consequently. Soon there shall be a commercialization of this technology. There are major investments for the research and development in this region which will offer advanced quality, efficiency and better capabilities over the conventional manufacturing techniques.

Many industries around the globe were affected due to the outbreak of the global pandemic. Due to the requirement for advanced technology in the healthcare sector and a growing demand for manufacturing various types of medical equipments and devices let's do a usage of the 4D printing technology. Ventilators were designed with the help of 3D technology. These ventilators were merged with other parts that were found in the market. There was a quick amalgamation of these parts and many ventilators were produced in a day during the pandemic.

Growth Factors

The 4D printing market is estimated to witness great growth during the forecast period as there is an increase in the demand for resource management. The 4D technology is helpful as it allows the end users to print things which are able to reshape or self assemble over a period of time period this is expected to be as a positive attribute for areas including construction of buildings, robotics, furniture and all of these applications of 4D printing shall propel the market growth. The use of 4D printing helps in reducing the processing and the manufacturing costs as there's a severe competition amongst the major market players and this happens to be the major driving factor for the growth of this market. The technology used for 4D printing is the same as 3D printing it provides lesser marketing time less amount of inventory and lesser requirement of capital.

The 4D printing technology gives an access to the consumers for the usage of restricted materials for various purposes. It also helps in developing materials that have the capability to change the behavior patterns and the properties depending upon the external stimulus. These materials react to the changes in pressure, temperature and other climatic conditions. These highly advanced features will provide great opportunities for growth in future. Advancements in the 4D printing technology rising the development of various technologies in the defense sectors as well as the medical sectors. In the medical field doctors are making use of 4D printing for the printing of tissues which have dynamically varying mechanical properties. After the implants enter the patient's body the components self transform to reduce the number of procedures required during the surgery. The 4D printing technology is extremely useful in military. Soldiers are able to wear camouflage that helps them to adapt to various environments and different metals. Researchers are continuously focusing on 4D printing materials specially at the microscopic level. There's a new development which is the shape memory alloy based technology in which the change in the temperature causes a change in the shape of the object.

The 4D printing technology is estimated to be profit oriented. This technology is considered to be a revolutionary printing technology as it offers the end users and the customers intensified quality, better efficiency and improved abilities of performance through the use of these manufacturing techniques. The increasing demand for the software solutions suppliers and the demand for hardware manufacturers which is due to the advancements in the technologies will drive the 4D printing market growth during the forecast period. They shall be a positive impact on the 4D printing market growth due to the advancements in technology like the digitization of the 3D which provides high resolutions.

Report Scope of the 4D Printing Market

Report Coverage Details
Market Size by 2032 USD 2998.38 Million
Growth Rate from 2023 to 2032

CAGR of 40.91%

North America Market Share in 2022 36%
Aerospace and Defense Segment Market Share in 2022 44%
Base Year 2022
Forecast Period 2023 to 2032
Segments Covered Material, End User, Geography
Companies Mentioned Stratasys Ltd, ExOne Corporation, Organovo Holdings, Inc., 3D Systems Inc, Autodesk, Inc, Hewlett Packard Corp., Materialise NV, Dassault Systèmes, Norsk Titanium US Inc, Heineken NV


Material Insights

On the basis of the type of material, the programmable carbon fiber segment is expected to have the fastest revenue during the forecast. Due to the qualities like tensile strength, lightweight and high stiffness the programmable carbon fiber is suitable for usage in wide range of industries. The material gets comfortably altered by the printing material which is on flexible carbon fiber and is activated with the help of heat. The usage of any complex actuators or sensors wasn’t required. It helps in reducing the total weight. It also helps in minimizing the failure prone activities. Due to all of these reasons there is an increasing demand for the deployment of 4D printing solutions in this segment. On the basis of the material used the market is segmented into programmable wood custom printed wood grain and programmable textile.

End User Insights

On the basis of end user, the aerospace and defense segment is expected to have the largest market share in 2022 and will grow at a CAGR of 44% during the forecast period. The global 4D printing market is bifurcated into automotive construction utility, healthcare, clothing and aerospace and defense. They shall be a good amount of revenue growth over the forecast period for the aerospace and defense segment. The use of space memory technique in 4D printing helps in the form of a self deploying structure which is extremely useful in the aerospace sector. Airbus is currently working on finding out ways to cool the aircraft engines with a smart material which will react to the temperature. There are developments in the defense sector and these developments are quick. Rapid developments are offering benefits for the defense sector. These technology developments are able to provide materials that are able to repair and self replicate in reaction to the environmental conditions. In United States the army Research Center is working on developing new technologies like uniforms for soldiers that can efficiently fight against the toxic gases or it will change color or it will camouflage while the person is traveling through different climates. The 4D printing technologies are used in order to manufacture guns, machinery and other defense technologies. The trend of using 4D technology in the defense sector is expected to continue and it is expected to drive the revenue growth of this segment during the coming years.

The health care segment is also expected to have a good growth in terms of revenue during the forecast period. Innovative ways to find out ways to perform better organ transplantation techniques are devised for improved biocompatibility which proves to be an important driving factor for the market during the forecast period. The use of 4D printing applications in various new fields like tissue engineering add self assembling human skin biomaterials that is expected to drive the market growth in this segment of this sector. In the future the technology could also help in reducing the need for all the painful surgical procedures. It is also estimated that the health care specialists could make use of the self deforming components for the treatment of any abnormalities in the patient. There is a good amount of adoption of modern technologies and solutions in the emerging economies. Increased investments in the research and development field in the developing nations and increasing expenditure on health care are the major factors that are expected to fuel the growth of the market in the coming years.

Regional Insights

The North American region is expected to account for the largest revenue share 36% in 2022. The increasing awareness and emphasis on the technological advancements, and the increase in the adoption of the additive manufacturing is creating a great demand which is fueling the growth of this market in the US doesn't increasing trend of using 4D bioprinting for the personalized treatments and the use of precision medicine. Precision medicine and bio printing in personalized treatment will open up many major opportunities for the key market players which are operating in this region. There is an increase in the investments by major market players in the research and development field. The investments are focusing on developing 4D materials that could easily adapt to the different environmental conditions be there this is one more opportunity which is expected to support the market growth during the forecast period.

4D Printing Market Share, By Region, 2022 (%)

The Asia Pacific region is also expected to have a significant revenue growth during the forecast period. Due to the increasing usage of 4D printing in the automotive industry they Asia Pacific region shall see a growth during the forecast period. 40 printing technology is extensively used in the manufacturing of luxury vehicles and manufacturing of the passenger vehicles. The growing demand for automobiles in the developing as well as the developed nations is expected to boost the market revenue growth. as there is a significant growth in the production of new products D Asia Pacific market is expected to grow. Technological advancements in this region shell generate good amount of revenue. The need for a high initial cost is estimated to restrict the growth of the Asia Pacific market in the coming years.

Key market players

  • Stratasys Ltd
  • ExOne Corporation
  • Organovo Holdings, Inc.
  • 3D Systems Inc
  • Autodesk, Inc
  • Hewlett Packard Corp.
  • Materialise NV
  • Dassault Systèmes
  • ARC Centre of Excellence for Electromaterials Science (ACES)
  • Norsk Titanium US Inc
  • Aerojet Rocketdyne Holdings Inc.
  • Engineering & Manufacturing Services Inc
  • Heineken NV

Recent Developments

  • Fast radius which is a 3D printing startup raised USD 48 million in order to increase its printing capabilities and application engineering in the year 2019.
  • Autodesk offered new generative design software which works with HP multi jet fusion 3D printers in 2019. There was a specifically designed designed to print workflow for additive manufacturing to streamline the conversion of digital design into physical parts. Autodesk is also working with GE additive. These companies are working to create integrated workflow for GE 3D printers. the use of these printers will provide an advancement indie 4D printing techniques.
  • 4D printing is expected to see increasing applications in the forecast period. Recently, researchers at the Switzerland’s Zurich-based Federal Institute of Technology had manufactured the world’s tiniest stents for treating the artery blockages. These stents are made using 4D printing technology and these stents are 40 times smaller than any other stent offered to the market till date.

Segments Covered

(Note*: We offer report based on sub segments as well. Kindly, let us know if you are interested)

By Material

  • Programmable Carbon Fiber
  • Programmable Wood - Custom Printed Wood Grain
  • Programmable Textile
  • Programmable Bio Material

By End User

  • Aerospace & Defense
  • Automotive
  • Construction
  • Clothing
  • Healthcare
  • Utility
  • Others

By Geography

  • North America
    • U.S.
    • Canada
  • Europe
    • U.K.
    • Germany
    • France
  • Asia-Pacific
    • China
    • India
    • Japan
    • South Korea
    • Malaysia
    • Philippines
  • Latin America
    • Brazil
    • Rest of Latin America
  • Middle East & Africa (MEA)
    • GCC
    • North Africa
    • South Africa
    • Rest of the Middle East & Africa

Frequently Asked Questions

What is the current size of 4D printing market?
The global 4D printing market size was reached at US$ 137 million in 2022 and it is anticipated to rake around US$ 2998.38 million by 2032.
What will be the CAGR of global 4D printing market?
The global 4D printing market growth is expanding at a CAGR 36.20% over the forecast period 2023 to 2032.
Who are the major players operating in the 4D printing market?
The major players operating in the 4D printing market are Stratasys Ltd, ExOne Corporation, Organovo Holdings, Inc., 3D Systems Inc, Autodesk, Inc, Hewlett Packard Corp., Materialise NV, Dassault Systèmes, Norsk Titanium US Inc, and Heineken NV.
Which are the driving factors of the 4D printing market?
The 4D printing market is estimated to witness great growth during the forecast period as there is an increase in the demand for resource management.
Which region will lead the global 4D printing market?
The North America region accounted largest revenue share 36% in 2022 and will lead in the near future.


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