Marine Energy Market Size, Share, and Trends 2024 to 2034

Marine Energy Market (By Type: Wave energy, Tidal energy, Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC), Salinity gradient power (SGP); By Application: Power generation, Desalination, Hydrogen production, Other) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Regional Outlook, and Forecast 2023-2032

  • Last Updated : November 2023
  • Report Code : 3493
  • Category : Energy and Power

The global marine energy market size was estimated at USD 914.2 million in 2022 and is anticipated to reach around USD 6,226.78 million by 2032, registering a CAGR of 21.20% during the forecast period from 2023 to 2032.

Marine Energy Market Size 2023 To 2032

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Key Takeaways

  • Europe contributed more than 45% of revenue share in 2022.
  • Asia Pacific is estimated to expand the fastest CAGR between 2023 and 2032.
  • By Type, the wave energy segment has held the largest market share of 38% in 2022.
  • By Type, the salinity gradient power (SGP) segment is anticipated to grow at a remarkable CAGR of 22.1% between 2023 and 2032.
  • By Application, the power generation segment generated over 44% of revenue share in 2022.
  • By Application, the others segment is expected to expand at the fastest CAGR over the projected period.

Marine Energy Market Overview

The marine energy domain signifies the extraction of renewable energy sources originating from Earth's vast oceans and seas. It encompasses technologies such as tidal power, wave energy, and ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC), all designed to generate electricity by harnessing the kinetic and thermal energy latent within marine waters. The market's expansion is propelled by the compelling demand for ecologically sound and sustainable energy solutions to counteract climate change and reduce the dependency on traditional fossil fuels.

Marine Energy Market in the Europe 2023 To 2032

The Europe marine energy market size was valued at USD 411.39 million in 2022 and is expected to reach USD 2,802.05 million by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 21.20% from 2023 to 2032.

Europe Marine Energy Market Size 2023 To 2032

Europe held the largest revenue share of 45% in 2022. Europe's significant share in the marine energy market is due to several key factors. It has a conducive policy environment with strong government support, subsidies, and regulatory frameworks promoting marine energy development. The continent has favorable oceanic conditions for various marine energy technologies, including wave and tidal energy.

Moreover, Europe has a well-established network of research institutions and industry players, fostering technological advancements. Collaborative projects and international partnerships have propelled the industry, making Europe a leader in marine energy innovation and deployment, thus securing a major share of the global market.

Marine Energy Market Share, By Region, 2022 (%)

Asia Pacific is estimated to observe the fastest expansion. Asia Pacific is expected to witness prominent growth in the marine energy market for a variety of distinctive reasons. Its vast coastlines offer access to a rich spectrum of marine energy resources, including formidable tidal currents and potent oceanic waves. The regional governments have displayed notable dedication to the advancement of renewable energy and have enacted progressive policies and incentives to support the marine energy sector.

Moreover, the region's burgeoning energy demands, swift economic expansion, and the imperative for sustainable power sources in densely populated zones stimulate the adoption of marine energy solutions. Collaborative efforts with neighboring nations and innovative research endeavors further solidify Asia-Pacific as a dominant region in the global marine energy landscape.

Growth Factors

  • The surging awareness of environmental imperatives, encompassing climate change and the imperative to mitigate carbon emissions, is a pivotal driver behind the growth of the marine energy sector. As governments and global communities intensify their pursuit of cleaner energy alternatives, the carbon-neutral and sustainable characteristics of marine energy are increasingly compelling.
  • The ever-increasing global desire for renewable energy sources constitutes a momentous driver behind the marine energy market's expansion. Leveraging the colossal energy potential held within the world's oceans aligns seamlessly with the pivot toward cleaner and more sustainable energy generation, offering a dependable and unwavering energy source.
  • Sustained breakthroughs in marine energy technology, encompassing enhanced materials, more efficient designs, and refined deployment methodologies, are underpinning the sector's growth. These innovations are progressively reducing the production costs of marine energy while ameliorating the overall efficiency of energy capture, thereby heightening competitiveness with traditional energy sources.
  • Government incentives, subsidies, and regulatory frameworks that incentivize marine energy project development provide substantial impetus to the industry. These policies work to diminish financial uncertainties, entice private investments, and cultivate an environment conducive to research and development.
  • Apprehensions regarding energy security and the diversification of energy sources have galvanized governments and entities to explore marine energy as a dependable and domestically accessible resource. It concurrently diminishes dependency on fossil fuels, bolsters energy self-sufficiency, and augments grid stability.
  • Marine energy projects frequently bestow economic prospects in coastal and hinterland regions. This potentially stimulates job creation and invigorates local economies, rendering marine energy development an alluring prospect for governments aiming to rejuvenate and broaden their communities.
  • Marine energy initiatives can engender technological synergies with other ocean-based industries, such as aquaculture, fisheries, and maritime transport. This harmonious interaction yields collaborative development prospects and enhances the optimization of oceanic resources.
  • International cooperation and research undertakings constitute a pivotal force in propelling marine energy technologies and disseminating knowledge. As nations join forces to address shared challenges, industry gains from a broader pool of expertise and experience.
  • The evolution of potent energy storage solutions is pivotal to the growth of marine energy. As energy storage technologies continue to mature, marine energy can evolve into a more dependable and dispatchable energy source, further amplifying its appeal.
  • Efforts to seamlessly integrate marine energy into prevailing power grids are imperative for its growth. Infrastructure enhancements and coordination with other energy sources guarantee that marine energy can deliver a stable and efficient power supply to meet the mounting demand for clean electricity.

Marine Energy Market Scope

Report Coverage Details
Growth Rate from 2023 to 2032 CAGR of 21.20%
Market Size in 2023 USD 1,103.44 Million
Market Size by 2032 USD 6,226.78 Million
Largest Market Europe
Base Year 2022
Forecast Period 2023 to 2032
Segments Covered By Type and By Application
Regions Covered North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa

Marine Energy Market Dynamics


Renewable energy demand

The flourishing of the marine energy market can be chiefly attributed to the escalating appetite for renewable energy sources. This surge in demand is due to convergence of compelling factors, including ecological imperatives, enhanced energy security, and the unyielding commitment to carbon emissions reduction.

Foremost, there exists a compelling demand to confront climate change, sparking a worldwide shift towards cleaner and more sustainable energy alternatives. Renewable energy, extracted particularly from the vast marine expanse, assumes a pivotal role in this transformation due to its intrinsic environmental merits, marked by its minuscule carbon footprint and gentle ecological impact.

Energy security also looms as a formidable motivator. As nations strive to diminish their dependence on fossil fuels, marine energy proffers a locally available resource that fortifies energy sovereignty. This broadening of the energy portfolio lessens vulnerability to global supply vagaries and price volatility. Additionally, the mandate to abate greenhouse gas emissions and attain ambitious sustainability objectives is galvanizing investments in renewable energy.

Marine energy seamlessly aligns with these aspirations, proffering a stable, unwavering source of clean power. In summation, the surging demand for renewable energy sources is propelling the burgeoning of the marine energy market, upheld by its eco-friendly, domestically accessible energy resource, firmly cementing its role as an indispensable cornerstone in the global quest for sustainable energy solutions.


Environmental impact assessment

Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) serves as a significant restraint on the growth of the marine energy market. While essential for responsible and sustainable development, the rigorous EIA process imposes time-consuming and costly delays on project approvals. Marine energy projects must undergo extensive evaluations to assess their potential ecological consequences and mitigate any harm to marine ecosystems. These assessments often require substantial resources, both in terms of time and money, which can deter investors and increase overall project costs.

Furthermore, the uncertainty surrounding the outcome of EIA procedures can result in project setbacks and create a challenging environment for industry stakeholders. The need to strike a balance between environmental conservation and energy generation, while adhering to stringent regulatory requirements, poses a barrier to the timely and efficient expansion of the marine energy market.


Synergy with other industries

The synergy between the marine energy sector and other industries is creating significant opportunities within the market. Collaborative development with industries like aquaculture, fisheries, and maritime transport holds the potential to unlock mutual benefits. For instance, co-locating marine energy devices with aquaculture operations can lead to improved resource utilization, increased food production, and a reduction in environmental impacts. Similarly, integrating marine energy with fisheries can enhance the sustainability of fishing practices, boost economic gains for fishing communities, and mitigate potential conflicts over ocean space usage.

Furthermore, aligning marine energy projects with maritime transport hubs can facilitate the development of comprehensive energy infrastructure and support sustainable shipping operations, reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the process. These symbiotic relationships provide a unique avenue for innovation and the optimization of ocean resources, fostering economic growth, environmental stewardship, and technological advancement in the marine energy market.

Impacts of COVID-19

  • The COVID-19 pandemic disrupted global supply chains, causing delays in the manufacturing, transportation, and delivery of critical components for marine energy projects. Travel restrictions, labor shortages, and lockdown measures affected the timely completion of projects. This hampered the deployment of marine energy devices and led to cost overruns.
  • The economic impact of the pandemic created financial uncertainty in the marine energy market. Investors became more risk-averse, and financing for new projects became harder to secure. Many projects faced delays or cancellations due to the difficulty of raising capital during the economic downturn.
  • Lockdowns and social distancing measures impacted the maintenance and operation of existing marine energy projects. Remote monitoring and maintenance became more crucial, adding operational complexities. Reduced staff availability and on-site restrictions affected project performance and output.
  • The pandemic diverted the attention of governments and regulatory bodies from marine energy policy and regulation, leading to delays in approvals and permitting. The focus on urgent health and economic matters resulted in slower progress in creating a conducive regulatory environment for industry.

Type Insights

According to the type, the wave energy segment has held 38% revenue share in 2022. The prominence of the wave energy sector within the marine energy market can be attributed to its reliability and the widespread accessibility of this energy source across the globe. Wave energy stands out for its consistency and predictability, ensuring a stable energy supply.

Furthermore, the adaptability of wave energy systems allows for deployment in diverse oceanic regions, thereby capitalizing on the extensive energy potential present in the world's oceans. Ongoing technological innovations have enhanced the efficiency and economic viability of wave energy devices, rendering them an enticing choice for sustainable energy generation. This confluence of factors firmly establishes wave energy as a major contender within the marine energy market, significantly contributing to its substantial market share.

The salinity gradient power segment is anticipated to expand at a significantly CAGR of 21.2% during the projected period. Salinity Gradient Power (SGP) holds significant growth in the energy market due to its unique capacity to harness clean energy from the natural difference in salinity between saltwater and freshwater sources. This technology provides a reliable and consistent source of renewable energy, making it attractive for energy production.

Additionally, SGP offers a less intermittent and more predictable energy output compared to some other marine energy sources, contributing to its prominence. As the world seeks sustainable and innovative energy solutions, the ability of SGP to tap into this abundant resource positions it as a key player in the global renewable energy landscape.

Application Insights

Based on the application, the power generation segment is anticipated to hold the largest market share of 44% in 2022. Within the marine energy sector, power generation involves the utilization of oceanic resources, such as tidal movements, wave energy, and ocean currents, to generate electricity. This eco-friendly approach contributes to the reduction of fossil fuel dependence and offers a sustainable source of power. Recent developments in the marine energy market encompass technological progress and elevated investments in research and development.

Breakthroughs in tidal and wave energy technologies are enhancing their efficiency and dependability. Moreover, there is an increasing emphasis on seamlessly integrating marine energy into the broader renewable energy landscape, enhancing the overall sustainability of coastal power generation.

On the other hand, the others segment is projected to grow at the fastest rate over the projected period. The segment, encompassing industries like aquaculture and transportation, holds a substantial growth in the marine energy market due to symbiotic relationships and resource optimization. Co-location of marine energy devices with aquaculture operations improves resource utilization, increases food production, and reduces environmental impacts. Integration with maritime transport hubs supports sustainable shipping operations and enhances energy infrastructure. These collaborations offer mutual benefits, including economic gains, environmental stewardship, and technological innovation. The combined potential of these synergies has established the segment as a significant contributor to the marine energy market's growth and sustainability.

Recent Developments

  • In April 2022, Eco Wave Power Global AB, a trailblazer in harnessing sustainable electricity from ocean and sea waves, unveiled intentions to construct wave energy facilities with a capacity of up to 2MW in Port Adriano, Spain. Leveraging the nation's extensive coastline, Eco Wave Power's objective is to assist Spain in fulfilling its ambitious renewable energy targets.

Marine Energy Market Players

  • Ocean Power Technologies
  • Minesto AB
  • Atlantis Resources
  • Carnegie Clean Energy
  • Wello
  • CorPower Ocean
  • Ocean Renewable Power Company
  • Aquamarine Power
  • Seabased
  • BioPower Systems
  • AW-Energy
  • Magallanes Renovables
  • Orbital Marine Power
  • SIMEC Atlantis Energy
  • Oscilla Power, Inc.

Segments Covered in the Report

By Type

  • Wave energy
  • Tidal energy
  • Ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC)
  • Salinity gradient power (SGP)

By Application

  • Power generation
  • Desalination
  • Hydrogen production
  • Other (e.g., aquaculture, transportation)

By Geography

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
  • Latin America
  • Middle East and Africa

Frequently Asked Questions

The global marine energy market size is expected to increase USD 6,226.78 million by 2032 from USD 914.2 million in 2022.

The global marine energy market will register growth rate of 21.20% between 2023 and 2032.

The major players operating in the marine energy market are Ocean Power Technologies, Minesto AB, Atlantis Resources, Carnegie Clean Energy, Wello, CorPower Ocean, Ocean Renewable Power Company, Aquamarine Power, Seabased, BioPower Systems, AW-Energy, Magallanes Renovables, Orbital Marine Power, SIMEC Atlantis Energy, Oscilla Power, Inc., and Others.

The driving factors of the marine energy market are the escalating appetite for renewable energy sources and surge in demand is due to convergence of compelling factors.

Europe region will lead the global marine energy market during the forecast period 2023 to 2032.

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