The global synthetic biology market size was estimated at USD 14.9 billion in 2022 and is expected to hit around USD 85.64 billion by 2032, poised to grow at a CAGR of 19.11% between 2023 and 2032. North America generated more than 42% of the revenue share in 2022.
Synthetic biology is a field of study that combines multiple areas, including molecular biology, biophysics, biotechnology, and genetic engineering. In synthetic biology, two techniques are commonly used: top-down and bottom-up. The top-down technique entails re-designing and fabricating existing biology systems to produce synthetic products. Products created in the synthetic biology system are used in multiple industries including pharmaceuticals, diagnostics and bioplastics.
The market has witnessed significant investments from private and public partnerships. According to SynBioBeta data, startups within the synthetic biology sector raised 18.0 billion in 2021. For example, DNA Script and Arbor Biotechnologies increased by approximately 167.2 m and USD 215 m, respectively. The significant investment enhances the market's capital flow and helps enterprises grow throughout the supply chain.
The global synthetic biology market is predicted to rise due to increased research and development activity in various industries. Players are adopting synthetic biology technologies to improve performance and maximize the utilization of low-cost inputs, including waste, to enhance conventional biofuel production. Biotechnology is being used by fashion firms like Bolt Threads, Modern Meadow, and Vitro Labs to produce sustainable materials.
Certain factors are driving market growth, including increased government and private sector support, increased R&D funding in drug discovery, and the decreasing cost and development of DNA sequencing and synthesizing.
The increasing engagement of research institutes, government entities, and large organizations in synthetic biology research will probably boost the industry in the following years. Because of the wide range of synthetic biology uses, governments worldwide have provided research funding. Many research investigations and projects related to synthetic biology have been conducted in many nations to tap multiple intricacies in the genomes of animals, which has helped produce more efficient and effective medications to treat them.
Furthermore, industry participants are focused on introducing innovations to meet rising demand and capitalize on undiscovered market opportunities. Synthetic biology products and technologies are also finding widespread application in various fields. Because organisms made using artificial biology techniques are generally inexpensive due to their use in many industrial applications, which translates into lower research costs, demand for these approaches is increasing globally.
Report Scope of the Synthetic Biology Market:
|Market Size in 2023||USD 17.75 Billion|
|Market Size by 2032||USD 85.64 Billion|
|Growth Rate from 2023 to 2032||CAGR of 19.11%|
|Largest Market||North America|
|Fastest Growing Market||Asia Pacific|
|Forecast Period||2023 to 2032|
|Segments Covered||By Technology, By Product, By Application, and By End-Use|
|Regions Covered||North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America and Middle East & Africa|
Increasing synthetic vaccinations and medications
The market will likely develop in response to the rising demand for protein treatments, individualized medicine, and studies into synthetic drugs and vaccines. During the forecast period, the growth of the synthetic biology market is predicted to be accelerated by other variables such as increasing artificial biology applications, more excellent synthetic biology investment, decreased synthesizing prices and DNA sequencing, and increased R&D spending and activities.
Improvements in diagnosis and treatment
Synthetic biology is employed in the healthcare business because it can improve diagnosis and therapy options for a wide range of disorders by targeting precisely the site of the disease and causing no side effects. Furthermore, the use of genetically modified viruses to repair damaged genes in individuals with inherited illnesses like severe combined immune deficiency (SCID) or epidermolysis bullosa has skyrocketed.
Aside from that, technology for carrying out synthetic biology has grown more accessible, and internet use has enabled the free exchange of ideas and information, supporting market growth. Furthermore, considerable expansion in the healthcare industry and a rise in the number of research units of synthetic biology globally are favorably influencing the market.
Concerns about ethics and biosafety
The primary biosafety risk in synthetic biology is the unintentional or planned introduction of synthetic organisms to the environment for research or other reasons. When synthetic microorganisms are put into the atmosphere, they can mutate or interact with existing species, resulting in crossbreeding and bio errors. These consequences may endanger the habitats of wild animals. Furthermore, the rise of antibiotic-resistant superbugs poses a significant biosecurity danger. In recent years, the European Union (EU) has funded several studies on the environmental effects of genetically modified bacteria released for bioremediation or plant growth. These limitations could hamper market expansion in the coming years.
Rising funding for research and development
The rising spending, booming investments and funding for research and development activities in the market are observed to offer a plethora of opportunities for the market’s growth. To find new treatments, pharmaceutical companies have gotten more significant funding for research and development. The government has taken initiatives to subsidize various biotech and pharmaceutical businesses to improve the pharmaceutical industry and increase global competitiveness. As a result, funding and investment in R&D have increased over time. Pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies invest a lot of money in research to develop revolutionary drugs that may treat new diseases and meet the growing demands of the healthcare sector.
In 2022, the PCR segment held the largest share of 27.29% of the market. This trend will likely continue during the forecast period. Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR) has evolved as a crucial technology for detecting and analyzing specific gene sequences. Real-time PCR tests have excellent specificity and sensitivity, which makes them the preferred method for much PCR-based genomic research. This approach is commonly utilized in forensic analysis, molecular diagnostics, DNA cloning, and genomics.
Genome editing technology, on the contrary, is expected to grow at a significant CAGR during the forecast period. The anticipated expansion of gene-editing technologies can be linked to several benefits connected with genetically modified and synthetic organisms. The possibility of gene editing techniques to create goods with desired qualities has revolutionized various industries, including human and animal healthcare and agriculture.
Oligonucleotides are the primary point in many synthetic and molecular biology applications. The primary segment drivers are increasing utilization of targeted NGS, DNA computing, mutagenesis experiments, and CRISPR gene editing. OligoMix, for example, is a novel and personalized solution for genomics research, and it massively parallelizes the synthesis of multiple oligonucleotide sequences. The equivalent cost is less than 0.8 cents per base.
On the other hand, the enzymes segment is predicted to witness a major growth during the forecast period, enzymes have become significant product in the global synthetic biology market due to the neutral properties offered by enzymes by acting as a catalyst during the biochemical reactions.
The healthcare sector led the market and is predicted to grow at a CAGR of 19.55% over the forecast period. Synthetic biology diagnostics offer a sensitive, highly specific, real-time, and non-invasive method of identifying infectious pathogens, cancer cells, and medicines. Researchers use rational engineering methods to create dynamic bio-sensing systems, including sensors, processors, and reporters.
A growth in neurological illnesses such as multiple sclerosis also propels the category. For example, as of July 2022, scientists in synthetic biology at the University of Toronto Engineering are creating personalized stem cells from patient tissues to treat ailments. These research initiatives are expected to improve segment expansion.
In 2022, the pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies’ segment had the most significant revenue share of 52%. Synthetic biology has benefited biotech and pharmaceutical businesses in creating new chronic disease therapies. Merck, for example, used synthetic biology techniques to develop Januvia (sitagliptin), a diabetes medicine. Furthermore, Novartis launched Kymriah (Tisagenlecleucel) to treat B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia.
Furthermore, academic and government research institutes will likely increase steadily over the forecast period. Because of the lengthy development and approval cycles, the R&D sector is believed to be capital-intensive, and R&D spending and funding have steadily increased throughout the years.
North America led the regional market with a share of 42% in 2022. This significant portion can be assigned to rising private company investment, reasonable regulations, and government support. To fuel the expansion of the synthetic biology business, the U.S. primarily focuses on drug screening and discovery, research in proteomics, and genomic structure prediction.
The Asia Pacific region is expected to be the fastest-growing region, with significant developments such as the Asia Pacific region's rising investments, increased partnerships and funding in the Chinese market, and increased collaborations in the field of synthetic biology, among the factors expected to drive market growth. Furthermore, several Asian countries have lately established state-sponsored research programs, national institutes, and academia-industry alliances to foster technological innovation to advance synthetic biology.
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