Hydro Turbine Market Size, Share, and Trends 2024 to 2034

Hydro Turbine Market (By Turbine Type: Impulse Turbine, Reaction Turbine; By Head Type: Low Head Turbine, Medium Head Turbine, High Head Turbine; By Installation Site: Small Hydro Power Plant, Medium Hydro Power Plant, Large Hydro Power Plant) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Regional Outlook, and Forecast 2023-2032

  • Last Updated : November 2023
  • Report Code : 3442
  • Category : Energy and Power

The global hydro turbine market size was estimated at USD 2.6 billion in 2022 and is projected to hit around USD 3.65 billion by 2032, registering a CAGR of 3.5% during the forecast period from 2023 to 2032.

Hydro Turbine Market Size 2023 To 2032

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Key Takeaways

  • Asia-Pacific led the market with the biggest market share of 58% in 2022.
  • Europe is projected to expand at the fastest CAGR during the forecast period.
  • By Turbine Type, the impulse turbine segment has held a major revenue share of 63% in 2022.
  • By Turbine Type, the reaction turbine segment is expected to grow at a notable CAGR of 5.8% during the forecast period.
  • By Head Type, the low head turbine segment recorded more than 42% of revenue share in 2022.
  • By Head Type, the high head turbine segment is estimated to expand at the fastest CAGR over the projected period.
  • By Installation Site, the small hydro power plant segment registered the maximum market share of 36.8% in 2022.
  • By Installation Site, the large hydropower plant is predicted to grow at a remarkable CAGR over the projected period.

Hydro Turbine Market Overview

A hydro turbine is a mechanical device used in hydropower plants to convert the kinetic energy of flowing water into mechanical energy, which is then transformed into electrical energy through a generator. It consists of various components, including blades or runners, a rotor, and a shaft. Water flows over the blades, causing them to rotate. The rotation of the blades drives the rotor, which, in turn, spins the generator to produce electricity. hydro turbines come in different types, such as Francis, Kaplan, and Pelton, each designed for specific hydrological conditions. They play a crucial role in harnessing renewable energy from water sources, contributing to clean and sustainable electricity generation.

Hydro Turbine Market in the Asia Pacific 2023 To 2032

The Asia Pacific hydro turbine market size was valued at USD 0.99 billion in 2022 and is expected to grow to USD 1.40 billion by 2032, growing at a CAGR of 3.60% from 2023 to 2032.

Asia Pacific Hydro Turbine Market Size 2023 To 2032

Asia-Pacific held the largest revenue share 38.1% in 2022.
The hydro turbine market in the Asia-Pacific region is witnessing remarkable growth, driven predominantly by China and India. These nations are channeling significant investments into hydropower projects to fulfill their escalating energy demands. A notable trend in this region is the emergence of small and mini hydropower installations, thoughtfully tailored to meet local energy needs while accounting for environmental considerations.

Additionally, digitalization is gaining substantial momentum, with an increased focus on real-time monitoring and control systems. These digital solutions are aimed at boosting operational efficiency and enhancing the reliability of hydropower generation, further fueling the market's expansion in the Asia-Pacific region.

Hydro Turbine Market Share, By Region, 2022 (%)

Europe is estimated to observe the fastest expansion In Europe, the hydro turbine market is experiencing a resurgence, fueled by the continent's commitment to renewable energy. Offshore hydropower projects, particularly in the North Sea, are driving demand for specialized turbines. Moreover, a transition to high-efficiency hydro turbines and the integration of digital technologies are prevalent trends. Europe's emphasis on sustainability and grid integration continues to shape the market, with countries actively investing in modernizing and expanding their hydropower infrastructure.

North America's hydro turbine market is surging as countries prioritize expanding their renewable energy portfolios. This growth is underpinned by the widespread adoption of advanced turbine technology and grid integration solutions, enhancing the efficiency and reliability of hydropower generation. North America's unwavering commitment to clean energy sources remains a driving force, fostering both market growth and innovation within the region's hydro turbine industry.

Growth Factors

The hydro turbine market is witnessing substantial growth worldwide as the demand for clean and sustainable energy sources intensifies. Hydropower, harnessed through hydro turbines, stands as a reliable and eco-friendly option, contributing significantly to this transition. Furthermore, government incentives, subsidies, and policies promoting renewable energy projects, including hydropower, are bolstering the hydro turbine market's expansion. These measures not only encourage investment but also provide the necessary impetus for infrastructure development.

Technological advancements in turbine design and efficiency are enhancing their performance and attractiveness for power generation. As the demand for clean energy continues to grow, the hydro turbine market is poised to play a pivotal role in meeting global electricity needs.

In the hydro turbine market, emerging trends are reshaping the landscape. One notable trend is the proliferation of mini and micro hydropower projects, driven by the demand for more efficient turbines designed to suit smaller installations. These projects offer a more localized and scalable approach to hydropower generation, aligning with the need for sustainable energy solutions in various regions.

Furthermore, the industry is embracing digitalization as a growing trend. Digital technologies are being integrated for real-time monitoring and control, which enhances operational efficiency and reliability. This shift towards digital solutions is poised to revolutionize how hydropower facilities are managed and optimized, providing greater flexibility and control over power generation processes.

Additionally, the industry contends with the complexities of securing project approvals and adequate financing, both of which can be protracted and intricate processes. These challenges demand careful navigation and strategic approaches for developers and investors alike.

Within this evolving landscape, opportunities abound for turbine manufacturers and service providers. Expanding into emerging markets with untapped hydropower potential offers a promising avenue for growth. Moreover, there is a growing market segment for retrofitting existing hydropower facilities with modern, more efficient turbines and providing comprehensive maintenance services to ensure optimal operational performance and longevity. As the global commitment to renewable energy strengthens, the hydro turbine market is poised to continue its upward trajectory, offering potential rewards for industry participants who can navigate the challenges and seize these opportunities.

Hydro Turbine Market Scope

Report Coverage Details
Growth Rate from 2023 to 2032 CAGR of 3.5%
Market Size in 2023 USD 2.68 Billion
Market Size by 2032 USD 3.65 Billion
Largest Market Asia-Pacific
Base Year 2022
Forecast Period 2023 to 2032
Segments Covered By Turbine Type, By Head Type, and By Installation Site
Regions Covered North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa

Hydro Turbine Market Dynamics


Renewable energy transition and hydropower capacity expansion

The hydro turbine market is experiencing a surge in demand driven by two intertwined factors: the global transition to renewable energy and the pressing need for hydropower capacity expansion. Including the worldwide shift towards renewable energy sources is a major catalyst. As countries seek to reduce carbon emissions and combat climate change, renewable energy has gained unprecedented prominence. Hydropower, facilitated through hydro turbines, offers a clean and consistent energy source, aligning perfectly with this transition. Governments and utilities are increasingly turning to hydropower as a dependable and sustainable solution, spurring the demand for hydro turbines.

Moreover, the imperative to expand hydropower capacity is another powerful driver. The allure of hydropower lies in its scalability; it can cater to both small-scale, localized projects and large-scale, utility-level installations. This versatility makes hydro turbines indispensable as they play a pivotal role in harnessing the potential of rivers and water resources. Together, the renewable energy transition and hydropower capacity expansion are propelling the hydro turbine market to new heights, shaping it as a fundamental pillar in the global quest for sustainable energy solutions.


Competing land use and technological challenges

Competing land use and technological challenges present significant restraints on the hydro turbine market. Competition for suitable land and water resources for hydropower projects. Urbanization and industrial expansion pose substantial challenges to the hydro turbine market. As regions undergo urban growth, the competition for available land and water resources intensifies. This heightened competition often results in conflicts over land use priorities, environmental concerns, and complex regulatory requirements. These factors collectively obstruct the development of new hydropower projects and significantly curtail the expansion potential of the hydro turbine market.

Technological challenges also play a role. The efficient harnessing of hydropower depends on various factors, including turbine design, materials, and infrastructure. Developing and deploying advanced technologies that improve turbine efficiency and reduce environmental impacts can be a complex and costly endeavor.

Additionally, adapting existing hydropower facilities to meet modern environmental standards and grid integration requirements presents its own set of technological challenges. Overcoming these obstacles requires substantial investments in research and development, which can hinder the growth of the hydro turbine market. Addressing competing land use and technological challenges is essential to ensure the continued development and sustainability of hydropower and the hydro turbine market in the face of growing energy demands and environmental concerns.


Grid integration solutions, mini and micro hydropower

Grid integration solutions and the proliferation of mini and micro hydropower projects are driving the demand for the hydro turbine market. Grid integration solutions play a crucial role in optimizing the utilization of hydropower resources. Amid the growing emphasis on renewable energy, the integration of hydropower into existing grids via grid integration solutions has become pivotal. This seamless integration serves to bolster grid stability by providing a consistent and reliable energy supply. Notably, hydropower's capacity for continuous generation mitigates the challenges associated with intermittent renewables like solar and wind, thereby enhancing grid reliability.

The rise of mini and micro hydropower projects is another significant factor. These smaller-scale installations cater to localized energy needs, particularly in remote or off-grid areas. hydro turbines designed for these projects offer higher efficiency and flexibility. The demand for such projects is driven by the need for sustainable, decentralized energy sources, making hydropower an attractive option. As communities and industries seek reliable and eco-friendly energy solutions, the hydro turbine market benefits from the growth of these smaller installations, further bolstering its demand and market reach.

Impact of COVID-19

The COVID-19 pandemic had both immediate and enduring effects on the hydro turbine market. In the initial stages, the industry encountered disruptions due to supply chain interruptions, manufacturing slowdowns, and workforce limitations due to lockdowns and travel restrictions. These challenges led to project delays, increased costs, and logistical difficulties. However, as the pandemic evolved, the industry's resilience became apparent.

Governments and industries worldwide recognized the critical importance of stable energy supplies, especially during times of crisis. This realization, coupled with stimulus packages and economic recovery efforts in many countries, spurred investments in energy infrastructure, including hydropower projects that utilize hydro turbines.

Furthermore, the pandemic underscored the need for renewable and reliable energy sources, driving a renewed focus on hydropower's inherent strengths. In the post-pandemic landscape, the hydro turbine market is poised for growth as governments prioritize sustainable energy solutions, enhancing the role of hydro turbines in building resilient and clean energy systems.

Turbine Type Insights

According to the turbine type, the Impulse turbine segment has held 63% revenue share in 2022. The Impulse turbines operate by the principle of impulse and are primarily used for high-head applications. They convert the kinetic energy of high-velocity water jets into mechanical energy by directing the water flow onto a set of spoon-shaped buckets or blades. The force of the water jet causes the blades to rotate, driving the turbine and generating power. In the hydro turbine market, a trend observed is the continued use of impulse turbines in high-head hydropower projects, especially in regions with steep terrain, as they are well-suited for harnessing the energy of fast-flowing water.

Hydro Turbine Market Share, By Turbine Type, 2022 (%)

The reaction turbine is anticipated to expand at a significant CAGR of 5.8% during the projected period reaction turbines, on the other hand, are employed in low to medium-head applications. They operate on the principle of reaction, utilizing the pressure difference between the inlet and outlet of the turbine to generate power. Water flows through a set of fixed guide vanes and onto the turbine blades, causing them to spin. Reaction turbines are commonly used in a wide range of hydropower projects. A trend in the hydro turbine market is the ongoing development of innovative designs and materials for reaction turbines to improve efficiency and adaptability in varying hydropower conditions, contributing to their continued relevance in the industry.

Head Type Insights

Based on the head type, low head turbines computing held the largest market share of 42% in 2022. Low head turbines are hydro turbines designed for use in locations where the hydraulic head (the vertical drop from the water source to the turbine) is relatively low, typically up to 30 meters. These turbines are characterized by their efficient performance in low-head, high-flow conditions. They are commonly used in run-of-river hydropower projects, irrigation systems, and industrial applications. In the hydro turbine market, a trend is the increasing adoption of low head turbines, especially in regions with abundant water resources but limited head height, to harness energy efficiently while minimizing environmental impact.

On the other hand, the high-head turbine is projected to grow at the fastest rate over the projected period. High head turbines are designed for locations with significant hydraulic head, typically exceeding 300 meters. These turbines are optimized for sites with steep terrain and substantial water pressure. They are commonly used in mountainous regions and in pumped storage hydroelectric plants. In the hydro turbine market, a trend is the continued development of high head turbine technology to maximize energy output from high-head hydropower installations. The demand for these turbines remains robust in areas with favorable topography for hydropower generation, contributing to their market growth.

Installation Site Insights

In 2022, the small hydropower segment had the highest market share of 36.8% on the basis of the installation site. Small hydropower plants, with a capacity of up to 1 MW, are characterized by their modest size and suitability for decentralized energy generation. These plants often utilize micro or mini hydro turbines designed for efficient power generation at low flow rates. A notable trend in this segment is the increasing deployment of small hydropower projects, especially in remote or off-grid areas. These projects cater to localized energy needs and contribute to rural electrification, aligning with the global push for decentralized and sustainable energy solutions.

The large hydropower plant segment is anticipated to expand at the fastest rate over the projected period. Large hydropower plants, typically with capacities above 10 MW, are major contributors to grid-scale electricity generation. They employ larger hydro turbines, often of the Francis or Kaplan type, designed for higher flow rates and greater power output. In this segment, a notable trend is the ongoing modernization and upgrading of existing large hydropower facilities to enhance efficiency and environmental performance. Additionally, there is a growing emphasis on environmental sustainability, with efforts to mitigate the ecological impact of these projects through advanced technologies and fish-friendly turbine designs.

Recent Developments

  • In 2023, The NISA project, jointly owned by Copenhagen Infrastructure Partners and Stat Kraft, has secured a 500 MW contract in Ireland's inaugural offshore wind auction, marking a significant milestone in the country's renewable energy efforts.
  • In 2022, GE has acquired a 49% stake in Continuum's onshore wind farm as part of its support for India's energy transition. GE Energy Financial Services invested through structured preferred equity in Continuum's 148.5 MW Morjar wind power project in Gujarat, India.
  • In 2022, Voith has successfully acquired all shares in Voith Hydro from former joint venture partner Siemens Energy. This move solidifies Voith's position as a comprehensive hydropower industry supplier, boasting expertise in generators and other key components.
  • In 2020, GE Renewable Energy was chosen by EDF RE and Mitsui & Co., Ltd to provide equipment for the 87 MW Taza onshore wind farm in Morocco. The project will feature 27 of GE's 3.2-85 onshore wind turbines, located near Taza in Northern Morocco.

Key Market Players

  • General Electric Company
  • Siemens AG
  • Andritz AG
  • Voith Group
  • Toshiba Corporation
  • Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL)
  • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd.
  • Harbin Electric Company Limited
  • Alstom Hydro
  • The Columbia Machine Works, Inc.
  • Flovel Energy Private Limited
  • Canyon Hydro
  • CKD Blansko Engineering, a.s.
  • Toshiba Hydro Power (Hangzhou) Co., Ltd.
  • WWS Wasserkraft GmbH

Segments Covered in the Report

By Turbine Type 

  • Impulse Turbine
  • Reaction Turbine

By Head Type

  • Low Head Turbine
  • Medium Head Turbine
  • High Head Turbine

By Installation Site

  • Small Hydro Power Plant
  • Medium Hydro Power Plant
  • Large Hydro Power Plant

By Geography

  • North America
  • Europe
  • Asia-Pacific
  • Latin America
  • Middle East and Africa

Frequently Asked Questions

The global hydro turbine market size is expected to increase USD 3.65 billion by 2032 from USD 2.6 billion in 2022.

The global hydro turbine market will register growth rate of .3.5% between 2023 and 2032.

The major players operating in the hydro turbine market are General Electric Company, Siemens AG, Andritz AG, Voith Group, Toshiba Corporation, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL), Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd., Harbin Electric Company Limited, Alstom Hydro, The Columbia Machine Works, Inc., Flovel Energy Private Limited, Canyon Hydro, CKD Blansko Engineering, a.s., Toshiba Hydro Power (Hangzhou) Co., Ltd., WWS Wasserkraft GmbH, and Others.

The driving factors of the hydro turbine market are the transition to renewable energy and the pressing need for hydropower capacity expansion.

Asia Pacific region will lead the global hydro turbine market during the forecast period 2023 to 2032.

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