Coal Gasification Market (By Gasifier: Fixed Bed, Fluidized Bed, Entrained Flow; By Application: Fertilizers, Electricity Generation, Chemicals, Hydrogen Generation, Steel Production, Others) - Global Industry Analysis, Size, Share, Growth, Trends, Regional Outlook, and Forecast 2024-2033


Coal Gasification Market Size and Growth 2024 to 2033

The global coal gasification market size was valued at USD 208.34 billion in 2023 and is anticipated to reach around USD 613.77 billion by 2033, growing at a CAGR of 11.41% from 2024 to 2033. The rising investment in coal gasification projects is expected to drive the growth of the coal gasification market during the forecast period.

Coal Gasification Market Size 2024 to 2033

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Coal Gasification Market Key Takeaways

  • Asia Pacific held the dominant share of the coal gasification market in 2023. The region is observed to witness prolific growth during the forecast period.
  • North America is observed to expand at a rapid pace during the forecast period.
  • By gasifier, the fluidized bed segment accounted for the dominating share in 2023.
  • By gasifier, the entrained flow segment is expected to witness a significant share during the forecast period.
  • By application, the electricity generation segment held the largest share of the coal gasification market in 2023.
  • By application, the steel production segment is expected to grow fastest during the forecast period.

Coal Gasification Market Overview

Coal gasification is a process used to convert carbonaceous material, such as coal, petroleum, petroleum coke, or biomass, into carbon monoxide and hydrogen.  In the coal gasification process, coal is partially oxidized with oxygen, air, steam, or carbon dioxide under controlled conditions to generate fuel gas. Synthesis gas or syngas is used as a fuel gas. Syngas is widely used as a fuel for chemical production, transportation, power generation, and various other industrial applications. Coal gasification facilitates numerous benefits, such as reduced emissions, improved efficiency, and versatility in feedstock utilization, which promotes the growth of the coal gasification market.

Coal Gasification Market Growth Factors

  • The rise in the number of coal deposits in developing economies promotes the market’s growth in the coming years.
  • The increasing focus on clean and efficient energy sources and reducing reliance on fossil fuels & natural gas are the major drivers boosting the coal gasification market’s expansion during the forecast period.
  • The rapid urbanization and industrialization are anticipated to propel the demand for coal gasification during the forecast period.
  • The rapid adoption of underground coal gasification (UCG) to convert coal into valuable gases without the need for mining, which is anticipated to fuel the market’s expansion.

Coal Gasification Market Scope

Report Coverage Details
Growth Rate from 2024 to 2033 CAGR of 11.41%
Coal Gasification Market Size in 2023 USD 208.34 Billion
Coal Gasification Market Size in 2024 USD 232.11 Billion
Coal Gasification Market Size by 2033 USD 613.77 Billion
Largest Market Asia Pacific
Base Year 2023
Forecast Period 2024 to 2033
Segments Covered Gasifier, By Application, and Regions
Regions Covered North America, Europe, Asia-Pacific, Latin America, and Middle East & Africa

 

Coal Gasification Market Dynamics

Driver: Rising demand for hydrogen gas

The demand for hydrogen gas is expected to propel the growth of the coal gasification market during the forecast period. Hydrogen is increasingly becoming popular as a clean energy carrier with various applications. The market has witnessed the increasing utilization of coal gasification for the production of hydrogen gas. The coal gasification process has the significant potential to produce hydrogen with reduced emissions and contribute to a more sustainable energy system. Hydrogen is widely used to generate electricity, power vehicles, and power industry and heat, as well as reduce dependency on fossil fuels. For instance, in recent years, India has embarked on a massive coal gasification push to combat the climate crisis and reduce reliance on fossil fuels, and lower carbon emission intensity to achieve a net zero by 2070. Thereby spurring the demand for growth in the coal gasification market.

Restraint: High cost

The high cost involved in setting up a coal gasification plant is anticipated to hamper the growth of the market during the forecast period. A huge amount of capital is required to set up a coal gasification plant, which often discourages middle and lower-income countries with limited budgets. In addition, Countries with water scarcity issues may face challenges in setting up coal gasification plants as a significant amount of water is required for cooling purposes in the coal gasification process, which may restrict the expansion of the global coal gasification market.

Opportunity: Supportive government investment and initiatives

The rising government investment and initiatives are projected to offer a lucrative opportunity for the growth of the coal gasification market during the forecast period. The government is actively engaged in eco-friendly solutions and sustainable solutions for electricity generation. Governments around the world are directing investments in clean energy production, which is likely to boost the adoption of coal gasification technologies for power generation and the industrial sector. Supportive government investment, policies, subsidies, and incentives are positively influencing the growth of clean energy technologies and resulting in the rise in coal gasification plants.

Moreover, the environmental benefit from UCG technology can assist in mitigating the impact of coal utilization on the climate. Underground coal gasification (UCG) has the potential to lower greenhouse gas emissions compared to conventional coal combustion methods. Thereby driving the market’s growth in the coming years.

Gasifier Insights

The fluidized bed segment accounted for the dominant share in 2023. Fluidized bed gasifiers are used for coal gasification owing to their high reaction rates and efficient mixing. Compared to other gasification techniques, these gasifiers produce lower tar and heavy hydrocarbons.

India has created a domestic method for producing methanol from high-ash Indian coal. In order to create syngas and subsequently convert syngas into 99% pure methanol, Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited (BHEL) has developed a fluidized bed gasification method that is appropriate for high ash Indian coals. By encouraging the use of methanol as a transportation fuel (mixing it with gasoline), this technology will assist the nation in implementing clean technology and help cut down on the importation of crude oil.

The entrained flow segment is expected to witness a significant share during the forecast period owing to its excellent efficiency and flexibility in any coal feedstock. Entrained-flow gasifiers can handle practically any coal feedstock and generate clean, tar-free syngas. The fine coal feed can be fed to the gasifier in either dry or slurry form. Thus, these factors are anticipated to propel the entrained flow gasifier market share in the coming years.

Application Insights

The coal gasification market was dominated by the electricity generating segment in 2023. The increasing demand for power generation is fueling the segment's expansion. In comparison to burning coal to produce energy, coal gasification offers a practical and environmentally friendly energy source. The IGCC generates a lot of electricity through the process of coal gasification. Power plants that use the Integrated Gasification Combined Cycle (IGCC) are more efficient. Syngas, a cleaner and more concentrated fuel produced through gasification, is made possible. Hydrogen is present in syngas generated by coal gasification. Several industrial uses for hydrogen-rich syngas exist, such as chemical processing, fuel cell utilization, power utilities, and other uses. Hydrogen is another byproduct of coal gasification, which can be stored and used to produce energy at a later time.

The steel production segment is expected to grow fastest during the forecast period owing to the rise in steel production via coal gasification processes. Coal is converted into a liquid fuel known as syngas, which is then used as fuel for steel production in coal gasification processes. The development of cost-effective coal gasification processes helps steelmakers produce steel substantially.

Regional Insights

Asia Pacific held the dominant share of the coal gasification market in 2023. The region is observed to witness prolific growth during the forecast period. The region is the largest coal producer, and the increasing energy demand will likely accelerate the growth of the region’s coal gasification market. In the Asia Pacific region, developing countries such as China, India, Japan, and Indonesia have been actively engaging in numerous coal gasification projects owing to the presence of significant coal reserves. The region’s rapid growth is attributed to the increasing focus on reducing carbon emissions and transitioning to cleaner energy sources, the robust advancements in IGCC power plants, increasing emphasis on reducing dependence on fossil fuels & natural gas, rising demand for chemical products, rising demand for electricity, rise in the number of coal deposits in developing economies, and the increasing demand for clean and efficient energy generation sources in industries and household applications.

  • The International Energy Agency (IEA) predicts that in 2022, the world's coal consumption will increase by 1.2% and reach 8 billion tons in a single year for the first time. The International Energy Agency (IEA) predicts that the demand for coal will reach a record high globally in 2022, primarily due to the rise in coal power in China, the EU, and India. The countries with the biggest increases in coal burning are predicted to be Southeast Asia (+14%), China (+5%), and India (+7%).

Coal Gasification Market Share, By Region, 2023 (%)

Governments are also looking for more sustainable methods to use coal resources, and as coal gasification provides cleaner energy options, they encourage programs and invest more in coal gasification technologies.

China ranks among the top producers of lignite and coal worldwide. India's coal output has also increased significantly, helped by government initiatives to reduce reliance on coal imports and investments.

  • Approximately 56% of China's yearly domestic energy consumption was derived from coal. China has benefited greatly from the coal industry's contributions to social and economic advancement.
  • A representative from the National Energy Administration's coal division claims that seven significant coal companies, including Shandong Energy, China National Coal Group Corporation, and China Energy Investment Corporation.

Conversely, North America is anticipated to grow quickly over the projection period due to the growing focus on lowering carbon emissions, the growing demand for clean hydrogen, and an increase in gasification activities in the syngas and chemical industries. Over the course of the projection period, the U.S.'s active participation in coal gasification projects is anticipated to propel market expansion.

Coal Gasification Market Recent Developments

  • Building on research conducted last year on ammonia-fired power generation using gas turbines, Mitsubishi Heavy Industries, Ltd. (MHI) and Indonesia's Institut Teknologi Bandung (ITB) announced in November 2023 that they would be extending their joint R&D partnership to support the development of cleaner fuel firing. The extension will involve additional analyses and trials. The partnership aims to advance MHI and its power solutions brand, Mitsubishi Power, in the direction of integrating tried-and-true technology into its H-25 gas turbine and to make ammonia co-firing in Indonesia a reality.
  • Underground coal gasification (UCG) is slated to be initiated in May 2024 by Coal India and two commercial companies. This is a groundbreaking project for India. With a budget of Rs 70 crore, the pilot project intends to transform coal into chemicals and syngas, providing a viable substitute for conventional mining methods. The ambitious goal is to reach 100 million tonnes of UCG by 2030.

Coal Gasification Market Companies

  • Synthesis Energy Systems Inc.
  • Swan Hills Synfuels LLP
  • Siemens AG
  • SEDIN Engineering Co. Ltd.
  • Sasol Ltd.
  • Regius Synfuels Ltd.
  • Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd.
  • McDermott International Ltd.
  • Larsen and Toubro Ltd.
  • KBR Inc.
  • Johnson Matthey Plc
  • Ergo Exergy Technologies Inc.
  • CNCEC
  • Chiyoda Corp.
  • CASE GROUP
  • Basin Electric Power Cooperative
  • Air Products and Chemicals Inc.

Segments Covered in the Report

By Gasifier

  • Fixed Bed
  • Fluidized Bed
  • Entrained Flow

By Application

  • Fertilizers
  • Electricity Generation
  • Chemicals
  • Hydrogen Generation
  • Steel Production
  • Others

By Geography

  • North America
  • Asia Pacific
  • Europe
  • Latin America
  • Middle East & Africa

Frequently Asked Questions

How big is the coal gasification industry?
The global coal gasification market size is expected to increase USD 613.77 billion by 2033 from USD 208.34 billion in 2023.
What is the growth rate of the coal gasification industry?
The global coal gasification market will register growth rate of 11.41% between 2024 and 2033.
Who are the prominent players operating in the coal gasification market?
The major players operating in the coal gasification market are Synthesis Energy Systems Inc., Swan Hills Synfuels LLP, Siemens AG, SEDIN Engineering Co. Ltd., Sasol Ltd., Regius Synfuels Ltd., Mitsubishi Heavy Industries Ltd., McDermott International Ltd., Larsen and Toubro Ltd., KBR Inc., Johnson Matthey Plc, Ergo Exergy Technologies Inc., CNCEC, Chiyoda Corp., CASE GROUP, Basin Electric Power Cooperative, Air Products and Chemicals Inc., and Others.
Which are the driving factors of the coal gasification market?
The driving factors of the coal gasification market are the rising demand for hydrogen gas and increasing focus on clean and efficient energy sources.
Which region will lead the global coal gasification market?
Asia Pacific region will lead the global coal gasification market during the forecast period 2024 to 2033.

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