The global electric vehicle market size was accounted for USD 205.58 billion in 2022 and is expanding around USD 1,716.83 billion by 2032. It is growing at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 23.1% during the forecast period 2023 to 2032. Electric vehicle sales has increased from 67,68,000 in 2021 to 1,05,22,000 in 2022.
The growing funding and investments by key market players drive the electric vehicle market growth. Ford had previously stated that it would invest $11.5 billion in electrifying its vehicle lineup between now and 2022. It recently claimed that it had upped its spending on driverless and electrified vehicles to help boost vehicle sales in the face of ongoing lockdowns. Mercedes-Benz also confirmed that it will release 25 new plug-in hybrid electric vehicles and entirely electric cars by 2025. Companies' diverse product offers have attracted many customers, resulting in an expanding market for electric vehicles.
A significant number of initiatives taken by the government of various countries, such as tax rebates, subsidies & grants, and other non-financial benefits in car registration and access to carpool lanes expected to drive the sale of electric vehicles in the coming years. For instance, in November 2019, German car manufacturers raised their cash incentives for electric cars to move away from the transition from combustion engines to battery-powered engines to reduce harmful emissions. Countries such as the U.S., China, and different countries in Europe, have registered significant growth in the sale of electric vehicles in the past few decades that, in turn, will contribute to the market growth.
However, lack of charging infrastructure, variations in setting load & lack of standardization are some significant factors hindering the market growth. Different regions, such as China, Europe, the U.S., Japan, Korea, and others, have different standards for electric vehicle charging. Some electric vehicle manufacturers, such as Tesla Inc., are focusing on global standardization of charging infrastructure to overcome this drawback. Nevertheless, the rising adoption of electric vehicles in government and commercial sectors is anticipated to drive the market. For instance, in 2020, the U.K. government approved 200 electric buses with an ambition to make all buses fully electric by 2025, which could save nearly 7,400 tonnes of CO2 every year.
The market of electric vehicles is likely to be affected positively by the recent trend of self-driving trucks. Furthermore, the top OEMs, similar to Volvo, Daimler Vera, and Tesla, are among others that have been developing automatic-driving electric vehicles for the market. Therefore, technology regarding self-driving will surge the demand for electric cars, in the long run, owing to the colorful advantages of decreased accident threat, easy use, and presence of value-added features. This technology is anticipated to develop in the coming 5-6 times. Therefore, the growth of self-driving electric vehicle technology will likely bring growth opportunities for the market in the forthcoming period.
Market Drivers: Decrease in the Cost of EVs:
The price of battery packs, that account for a sizeable portion of the manufacturing costs of electric vehicles, has decreased over time. The average price of lithium-ion battery packs dropped abruptly by 89% from $1,200 per kWh to $132 per kWh (by 2021) over a decade. This price is near the $100 per kWh threshold that would allow electric vehicles to be priced similarly to those with internal combustion engines. In addition, the average price of new cars increased by 2.2% between 2020 and 2021, whereas the cost of EVs fell by 10.8%. The future of internal combustion engine (ICE) cars and their electric competitors are both vividly indicated by this electrification trend. Due to this, EV usage has expanded globally. As a result of the price decline, the market for electric vehicles is anticipated to increase in the near future.
Growing government initiatives
Governments are spending a lot on incentives and subsidies to persuade people to buy electric cars. Governments worldwide are taking initiatives likely to boost demand for electric vehicles in the coming decade. Electric vehicles have been regulated in developing countries, and fuel economy criteria have been established in all countries. In addition, they offer incentives and subsidies to electric vehicle makers and buyers. Thus, this factor is driving the market growth.
Lack of Universal Charger and Ecosystem:
Setting up a proper charging environment is increasingly difficult because every second electric vehicle manufacturing firm has a unique charging outlet. Likewise, many EV owners worry about getting into moral difficulty for charging their cars at various EV manufacturers' charging stations, which could impact the EV industry's expansion. Lack of standardization is a barrier for the electric car sector since it affects the market's present and future. No single charging station can be installed to charge all electric vehicles, so every second electric scooter has a unique charging outlet. This has an impact on the infrastructure of charging stations. Additionally, the population's EV adoption rate is lowered by the need for more standardization.
Lack of standardization
The non-presence of standardization among nations may affect charging station connections and hinder market expansion. Using several charging standards worldwide creates a hurdle to harmonizing electric vehicle charging stations. Standardizing charging points would make it easier to set up electric cars in public and contribute to a faster increase in electric vehicle demand worldwide. As a result, the lack of standardization restricts the market's growth.
Increasing Investment by the Government in Charging Infrastructure for Heavy Duty Vehicles (HDVs):
Globally, government bodies are taking the initiative to improve strategies and programs to develop rapid charging infrastructure. Several investments are taking place worldwide to expand commercial charging to support HDVs. For instance, through direct investment, California and a few other US regions are promoting the construction of the infrastructure needed for electric HDVs. The largest hydrogen refueling network in North America has been supported by the California Energy Commission (CEC) with more than USD 125 million for 62 public stations as part of the state's ambition to establish 200 stations by 2025. Investments have been primarily focused exclusively on LDV refueling infrastructure till 2020. A plan to allocate up to USD 115 million more for hydrogen refueling infrastructure, including fueling for medium- and heavy-duty trucks, was approved later in December 2020. Thus, these initiatives by the government will create lucrative opportunities for the electric vehicle industry.
Declining costs of electric vehicle batteries
Due to technological breakthroughs and the mass production of electric vehicle batteries in huge quantities, the cost of electric vehicle batteries has decreased over the last decade. Because electric vehicle batteries are one of the car's most expensive components, this has reduced the cost of electric vehicles.
Lack of charging infrastructure
Report Scope of the Electric Vehicle Market
|Market Size by 2032||USD 1,716.83 Billion|
|Growth Rate||CAGR of 23.1% from 2023 to 2032|
|Largest Market||Asia Pacific|
|Fastest Growing Market||Europe and North America|
|Forecast Period||2023 to 2032|
|Segments Covered||Propulsion Type, Components, Vehicle Type, Vehicle Class, Top Speed, Vehicle Drive, EV Charging Point Type, V2G, Region|
|Companies Mentioned||BYD Company Ltd., Ford Motor Company , Daimler AG , General Motors Company, Mitsubishi Motor Corporation and Groupe Renault|
COVID-19 Impact Analysis:
Propulsion Type Insights
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV) led the global market and accounted for more than 67% of the overall revenue share in 2022. The significant growth of the BEV is mainly due to the potential benefits offered, such as control over greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, energy security concerns, and control over local pollutants. This can be due to people's growing awareness of the environment and the benefits of battery electric vehicles. The potential benefits of the BEV, including reducing local pollution, energy security issues, and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, are primarily responsible for its rapid expansion. This results in people being more conscious of the environment and the advantages of battery-powered cars. In addition, compared to PHEV, the expense of a BEV is more considerable. As a result, battery electric vehicles rule the electric vehicle market.
Moreover, the cost associated with BEV is more significant compared to the PHEV. The PHEV is expected to witness the fastest CAGR of around 43.5% owing to numerous benefits over BEV; some are low battery cost with smaller battery size and more extended driving range as they are equipped with liquid fuel tanks and internal combustion engines. Additionally, many EV manufacturers such as Volkswagen Group and General Motors are focusing on multi-platform technology with extensive attention towards PHEVs as they can be refueled at any gas station. At the same time, BEVs can only be charged at public charging stations, and public charging spots are far between and very few in the city. Thus, PHEV offers flexibility and freedom to drivers. In January 2020, Volkswagen AG increased its plug-in electric car sales by 60%, from nearly 50,000 to over 80,000 in 2019.
The fuel cell electric vehicles segment is anticipated to grow at the loftiest CAGR during the cast period. This segment's rapid-fire growth is substantially attributed to the adding demand for vehicles with low carbon emigrations, strict carbon emigration morals, and growing emphasis on the relinquishment of FCEVs owing to benefits associated with fast refueling adding government enterprise and investments for advancing fuel cell technology.
Vehicle Type Insights
Based on vehicle type, the electric vehicles market is segmented into heavy commercial vehicles, passenger vehicles, e-scooters & bikes, two-wheelers, and light commercial vehicles. With the most significant revenue share in 2022, the passenger vehicle segment dominated the electric vehicle market, and this is because governments in several nations strongly support electric passenger cars.
During the forecast period, the category for light commercial vehicles is expected to increase at the highest CAGR. The spike in demand for electric cars to minimize line emigrations, strict government rules and regulations governing vehicle emigration, and growing consumer awareness of electric vehicles' role in decreasing emigration are all significant contributors to this segment's exponential growth rise. This segment's rapid-fire growth is substantially attributed to the growing consumer awareness regarding the part of electric vehicles in reducing emigration, the surge in demand for electric cars to reduce line emigrations, and strict government rules and regulations towards vehicle emigration.
The V2X sector had the highest market share in 2022. The demand for V2Xs is rising due to rising environmental pollution concerns and rising connected car trends. There will be more chances for the V2X in the EV sector due to improvements in 5G technology and advances linked to autonomous vehicles. Governments from different countries have also engaged in a variety of V2X-related initiatives. As an illustration, the US government recently launched several programs to advance V2X technology by 2022. Therefore, it is anticipated that the V2X category will experience significant expansion during the following years.
Based on end use, the electric vehicle market is segmented into private, commercial, and industrial use. The commercial use segment will likely grow at the loftiest CAGR during the forthcoming period. This segment's high growth is credited to the rise in fuel prices and strict emigration morals set by governments, the growing relinquishment of independent delivery vehicles, and the adding relinquishment of electric motorcars and cars.
The rapid expansion of this segment can be attributed to rising fuel prices and government-imposed severe emigration morality, the growing relinquishment of independent delivery vehicles, and the increasing relinquishment of electric motorcars and cars.
Geographically, the Asia Pacific region dominated the EV market in 2022 and is anticipated to have the highest CAGR of all the geographies during the forecast period. According to estimates, China will hold the most outstanding market share for electric vehicles in the Asia-Pacific region in 2022, followed by India and Japan. The significant market share of China is primarily attributable to the country's extensive government support and expansion of the infrastructure for charging electric vehicles, improvements in the quality of electric vehicles, and an increase in the number of charging stations.
Asia Pacific is home to most EV battery manufacturers, including China, South Korea, and Japan. The dominance of the battery industry is increasing in China. Chinese manufacturers like CATL and BYD have increased and widened their global market shares due to the government's extensive investments and encouraging regulations.
Furthermore, many people can now afford to own cars because of China's robust economic expansion. As a result, there has been an increase in mobility, the significant automobile market in the world. Still, there has also been a substantial increase in urban air pollution, greenhouse gas emissions, and dependence on imported oil.
China is the primary electric vehicle market globally, accounting for nearly half, i.e., 45% of the global electric vehicle sale. Other countries such as Japan, Korea, and India are also opportunistic markets as the governments of these countries are significantly investing in EV startups to promote the manufacturing and sale of EVs across the globe. In July 2019, the Japanese firm Mitsui & Co. invested USD 13.3 million in an Indian e-Vehicle startup, SmartE. The investment would help SmartE to bring multiple synergies in the global EV market for its long-term growth. Similarly, in June 2019, Toyota Motor Corp. invested USD 2 Bn to develop electric vehicles in Indonesia.
Furthermore, the Indian government's involvement in building a charging infrastructure is also boosting the Asia Pacific EV market. For instance, the FAME II initiative in India provides funding of up to USD 135 million to stimulate investment in EVSE for electric buses. This should pay for one low-power charger and one rapid charger for every ten buses. Thus, the market for electric vehicles in the Asia Pacific area is expanding due to the factors mentioned above.
The governments of developing and developed nations are providing subsidies to market players, and stringent regulations are driving the growth of the electric vehicle market in the Asia-Pacific region. China's Ministry of Transport provides grants and other incentives for developing low-emission bus fleets, affecting the market even more favorably. Despite the COVID-19 outbreak, Chinese bus manufacturers sold 61,000 additional new energy buses in 2020.
Europe and North America witness substantial growth in the global electric vehicle market. This is attributed to the increasing demand for electric vehicles in the U.S., Norway, France, and Germany. Germany and Norway are the leading markets in the European region, witnessing a CAGR of nearly 40%. Moreover, to promote electric vehicles in North America, policymakers, automotive manufacturers, and charging network companies have launched a non-profit organization called ‘Veloz.’ The organization aimed to attract innovation, investment, marketing, and growth in the electric vehicles market. Electrify America, a U.S.-based electric vehicle manufacturer, announced to invest of USD 2 Bn in Zero Emission Vehicle (ZEV) infrastructure across the U.S. over ten years from 2017 to 2027, out of which USD 800 Mn was invested in California, one of the largest ZEV markets across the world.
The upsurge in the growth of the electric vehicles market in the European region is highly attributed to the harmonious developments in implementing strict emigration regulations by the European Union and adding a focus on reducing the number of conventional buses. Norway leads the way for electric mobility relinquishment in Europe. The share of battery electric vehicles in new auto deals rose to 54.3% in 2020, which is anticipated to surpass 65% of the market share in 2021.
The U.S. is dominating the electric vehicle market in the North American region, and the rising demand for electric automobiles in the U.S. accounts for this proportion. In addition, Electrify America, a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting electric vehicle adoption, announced intentions to invest $200.0 million in California in 2018. As a result, demand for electric vehicles in North America is expected to rise over the projection period.
Key Developments in the Marketplace:
Key Companies & Market Share Insights
The global electric vehicle market is consolidated with high competition owing to the presence of many market players. The existing players are significantly focused on innovation and developing new models and technology to overcome the drawbacks and strengthen their roots in the global market. Some market players also invest in EV startups to boost their regional presence. In December 2019, an electric vehicle startup, Rivian, raised USD 1.3 billion in funds from Amazon.com Inc. and U.S. based automaker Ford Motor Co.
Furthermore, rising initiatives from governments of several regions towards environmental depletion from CO2 emission have forced automakers to switch towards battery-powered or electric vehicles. Merger, acquisition, partnership, and joint venture are the strategies adopted by the companies to retain their market position. For instance, in March 2019, Alternet Systems, Inc. announced its merger and acquisition pipeline to expand electric vehicle technology innovation and production capacity.
Some of the prominent players in the electric vehicle market include:
Segments Covered in the Report
This research report estimates revenue growth at global, regional, and country levels and offers an analysis of present industry trends in every sub-segment from 2023 to 2032. This research study analyzes market thoroughly by classifying electric vehicle market report on the basis of different parameters including product and region as follows:
By Propulsion Type
By Vehicle Type
By Vehicle Class
By Top Speed
By Vehicle Drive
By EV Charging Point Type
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